Supermarkets stock a wide selection of frozen raw-dough bourekas ready for home baking. Bakeries and street vendors dealing exclusively in bourekas can be found in most Israeli cities. Small coffee-shop type establishments as well as lottery and sports betting parlors serving bourekas and coffee can also be found. Meat bourekas are less common at bakeries and are considered something which is to be made at home. Clarification needed meat bourekas are made from lamb, beef or chicken mixed with onion, parsley, coriander, or mint, pine nuts and spices, They are served as hot meze. The use of margarine in bourekas has caused some controversy in Israel due to a general trend of moving away from trans fats, which are found in many margarines. 18 bourekas have given their name to bourekas films, a peculiarly Israeli genre of comic melodramas or tearjerkers based on ethnic stereotypes.
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Mushroom-filled are bulging triangles with the poppy seeds. Tuna-filled are bulging triangles with nigella seeds. Eggplant-filled are cylindrical with nigella seeds. Bean sprout-filled are cylindrical without seeds. Spinach-filled are either cylindrical with sesame seeds or made with a very delicate, oily phyllo dough shaped into round spirals. Bourekas with a pizza sauce are often round spirals rising toward the middle or sometimes cylidrical without seeds, differentiated from the bean sprout-filled cyliders without seeds by the red sauce oozing out the ends. Bourekas can also be found with mashed chickpeas, tuna and write chickpea mix, pumpkin and even small cocktail frankfurters. Another variation filled with meat (beef, chicken or lamb pine nuts, parsley and spices are eaten mainly as a main dish but sometimes as meze. The north African version, Brik can also be found in Israel. Bourekas come in small, "snack" size, often available in self-service bakeries, and sizes as large as four or five inches. The larger ones can serve as a snack or a meal, and can be sliced open, and stuffed with hard-boiled egg, pickles, tomatoes and Sahawiq, a spicy yemenite paste.
The book most popular fillings are salty cheese and mashed potato, with other fillings including mushrooms, sweet potato, chickpeas, olives, spinach, eggplant and pizza -flavour. Most bourekas in Israel are made with margarine-based doughs rather than butter-based doughs so that (at least the non-cheese filled varieties) can be eaten along with either milk meals or meat meals in accordance with the kosher prohibition against mixing milk and meat at the. Israeli bourekas come in several shapes and are often sprinkled with seeds. The shapes and choice of seeds are usually indicative of their fillings and have become fairly standard among small bakeries and large factories alike. For example, salty cheese (Bulgarian cheese) -filled as well as Tzfat cheese (from the city of Safed ) with za'atar -filled bourekas are usually somewhat flat triangles with white sesame seeds on top. Less salty cheese -filled are semi-circular and usually made with puff pastry. Potato-filled are sesame topped, flat squares or rectangles made with phyllo and tend to be less oily than most other versions.
A special type of boureki is found in the resumes local cuisine of Crete and especially in the area of Chania. It is a pie filled with sliced zucchini, sliced potatoes, mizithra or feta cheese and spearmint, and may be baked with or without a thick top crust of phyllo. In Venetian Corfu, boureki was also called burriche, 16 and filled with meat and leafy greens. Galaktoboureko is a syrupy phyllo pastry filled with custard, common throughout Greece and Cyprus. In the Epirus, σκερ-μπουρέκ (derives from the turkish şeker-börek, "sugar-börek is a small rosewater -flavoured marzipan sweet. The pontian Greek piroski (πιροσκί) derives its name from börek too. Israel edit In Israel, bourekas ( Hebrew : ) became popular as Sephardic Jewish immigrants who settled there cooked the cuisine of their native countries. Bourekas can be found made from either phyllo dough or puff pastry filled with various fillings.
Arab börek are most often served with other "dry" foods including kibbeh, with a jajik dip (yogurt, cucumber and garlic dip) forming an integral part of a traditional meze meal. Armenian byorek edit In Armenia, byorek or borek consists of dough, or phyllo dough, folded into triangles and stuffed with cheese, spinach or ground beef, and the filling is typically spiced. A popular combination is spinach, feta, cottage cheese (or pot cheese) and a splash of anise-flavoured liquor (such as raki ). Assyrian burek edit Assyrian burek is usually stuffed with spiced ground beef, though potatoes are also sometimes used instead. The stuffing is wrapped in a sheet of dough and then fried in oil and resembles egg rolls. Bulgarian byurek is a type of banitsa with sirene cheese, the difference being that byurek also has eggs added. 15 Greek bouréki, bourekáki, bougatsa, and pita edit galaktoboureko, sweet börek flavoured with lemon or orange In Greece, boureki (μπουρέκι bureki ) or bourekaki (μπουρεκάκι burekaki, the diminutive form of the word and Cyprus poureki (πουρέκι, in the Greek dialects of the island) are small. Pastries in the börek family are also called pita (pie tiropita, spanakopita and.
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The final form can be small, individual triangles, especially from street vendors called 'byrektore' which sell byrek and other traditional pastries and drinks. It can also be made as one large byrek that is cut into smaller pieces. There are different regional variations of byrek. It can be served cold or hot. Eastern Arabian börek edit Arab börek is often stuffed with minced or diced lamb or beef, or a mixture of the two.
Various herbs and spices brave are used to flavour the meat, including; turmeric, fresh parsley and nutmeg, and concentrated pomegranate juice, which gives the mixture a unique sweet and tangy babasaheb taste. Fried or caramelised onions are usually added to the meat, as well as the traditional Arab staple of fried almonds and sultanas or raisins. Traditional Arab cheeses, including Jibin Baladi and Jibin Arab are often used instead of, or together with the meat. The mixture is wrapped in a sheet of dough, and then fried or deep-fried until crisp, and resembles a large egg roll. While most börek are made with phyllo, some traditional cooks and those in the tribal areas prefer a hand-kneaded dough.
Töbörek is another Tatar variety, similar to a çiğ börek, but baked either on the convex side of the sac, or in a masonry oven instead of being fried in oil. Laz böreği, a specialty of the rize region, is a sweet version, filled with muhallebi (Ottoman-style milk pudding or custard ) and served sprinkled with powdered sugar. It similar with Greek bougatsa. Kürt Böreği is similar to laz böreği, without the custard filling. It is also called sade (plain) börek and served with fine powdered sugar. Most of the time, the word "börek" is accompanied in Turkish by a descriptive word referring to the shape, ingredients of the pastry, for the cooking methods or for or a specific region where it is typically prepared, as in the above kol böreği,.
Albanian byrek or lakror edit In Albania, this dish is called byrek, burek, or lakror. In Kosovo and few other regions byrek is also known as "pite". The most common fillings include: cheese (especially gjizë, salted curd cheese ground meat and onions ( ragù style filling) which is sometimes called mesnik (from Serbian meso meat) in the south, spinach and eggs, milk and eggs with pre-baked dough layers, but it can also. Lakror generally would have a filling of greens, lakër being an Albanian word for cabbage but in this context an abbreviation of "lakër e egër a term which describes a family of green leaf vegetables. Sorrel, dandelion, scarole, catsear, etc. Byrek is traditionally made with several layers of dough that have been thinly rolled out by hand.
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Sigara böreği 'cigarette börek' or diary kalem böreği 'pen börek a smaller, cylindrical variety is often filled with feta cheese, potato, parsley and sometimes with minced meat or sausage. A variety of vegetables, herbs and spices are used in böreks, such as spinach, nettle, leek, and courgette, and usually ground black pepper. The name kalem böreği was adopted in September 2011 by some turkish pastry organisations in order to avoid alluding to smoking. 13 paçanga böreği, is a traditional Sephardic Jewish specialty of Istanbul filled with pastırma or kaşar, and julienned green peppers fried in olive oil and eaten as a meze. Saray böreği 'palace börek' is a layered börek where fresh butter is rolled between each of the dough sheets. Talaş böreği or Nemse böreği 'sawdust' or 'austrian' börek, is a small gps square börek mostly filled with lamb cubes and green peas, that has starchier yufka sheets, making it puffy and crispy. Kol böreği 'arm börek' is prepared in long rolls, either rounded or lined, and filled with either minced meat, feta cheese, spinach or potato and baked at a low temperature. Sarıyer böreği is a smaller and a little fattier version of the "Kol böreği named after Sarıyer, a district of Istanbul Gül böreği 'rose börek also known as yuvarlak böreği 'round or spiral börek' are rolled into small spirals and have a spicier filling than. Çiğ börek or Çibörek 'raw börek' is a half-round shaped börek, filled with raw minced meat and fried in oil on the concave side of the sac, very popular in places with a thriving Tatar community, such as Eskişehir, polatlı and Konya.
The tatar böregi ( Tatar böreks) is a cheese and mint filled alternative name for the dumpling -like dish called mantı which very much resemble ravioli. 11 Distribution and variants edit börek is very popular in the cuisines of the former Ottoman Empire, especially in North Africa and throughout the balkans. The southern Slavic cuisines also feature derivatives of the börek. Börek is also part of mizrahi and Sephardic Jewish traditions. They have been enthusiastically adopted by the Ottoman Jewish communities, and have been described, along with boyos de pan and bulemas, as forming "the trio of preeminent Ottoman Jewish pastries". 12 Turkey edit a tray of su böreği from Turkey sigara or kalem böreği turkey enjoys a wide variety of regional variations of börek among the different cultures and ethnicities composing it, including: su böreği 'water börek' is one of the most common types. Sheets of dough are boiled briefly in large pans, then a mixture of feta cheese and parsley (or in an alternative recipe minced meat, onions, tomato sauce) and oil is scattered between the layers. The whole thing is brushed with butter and laid in a masonry essay oven to cook. 2 it may be thought of as a drier, less saucy version of the Italian lasagna.
— cato the Elder, de agri cultura 160 BC 5 Börek in Turkish language refers to any dish made with yufka. Tietze proposes that the word comes from the turkic root bur- 'to twist. Sevortyan offers various alternative etymologies, all of them based on a fronted vowel /ö/ or /ü/. Tietze's proposed source "bur-" (with a backed vowel /u for büräk/börek (with fronted vowels) is not included, because sound harmony would dictate a suffix "-aq" with a harmonised, backed /q/. 10 Turkic languages in Arabic orthography, however, invariably write and not which rules out "bur-" which has a backed vowel /u/ at its core. In passing, sevortyan notes a possible russian derivation from börek, pirog, and its diminutive version, pirozhki. The name may be an older relative to the german brot "bread".
Ottoman cuisine, 1 2 3 or it may date back earlier to the. Classical era of the eastern Mediterranean region. 4 5 6 (. Baklava ) Börek may have its origins in Turkish cuisine and may be one of its most significant and, in fact, ancient elements of the turkish cuisine, having been developed by the turks of Central Asia before their westward migration to Anatolia in the late. 4 5 6 Cato included a recipe for placenta in his de agri cultura (160 BC). 7 Shape the placenta as follows: place a single row of tracta along year the whole length of the base dough. This is then covered with the mixture cheese and honey from the mortar.
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For the 2004 album and song by bosnian singer Dino merlin, see. Börek (Turkish pronunciation: bøɾek ; also burek and other the variants) is a family of baked filled pastries made of a thin flaky dough known as phyllo (or yufka of, anatolian origins and also found in the cuisines of the. Balkans, levant, mediterranean, and other countries in, eastern Europe and, western Asia. A börek may be prepared in a large pan and cut into portions after baking, or as individual pastries. The top of the börek is often sprinkled with sesame seeds. Origin and name edit, it may have been invented in the homeland of wheat, what is now modern. Turkey, in the, anatolian Provinces of the, ottoman Empire. It become a popular element.