As an interpreter of Lacans theories, žižek always does his reader the courtesy of providing specific, concrete examples to anchor the theoretical jargon (where lacan gives us pseudo-mathematical symbols). In the short Big Think clip above, žižek's examples range from the history of physics to the declaration of Independence to the familiar male chauvinist scenario of a man, his wife, and his mistress. Žižek's point, the point of psychoanalysis, he alleges, is that people do not really want or desire happiness. Happiness-our own and others-is after all the goal of our loftiest endeavors, no? This seems to be the pop-psych rendition of, say, maslows theory of self-actualization. But no, says zizek, happiness is an integral part of fantasy. Like the philanderers mistress, the object of desire must be kept at a distance, he says. Once it is achieved, we no longer want it: we dont really want what we think we desire.
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I.Tschiževskij in his unfinished work on ethical formalism criticism. Tschiževskijs ethical theory focuses on individual moral subjects ontology and analyses it from Husserls phenomenology perspective. Tschiževskij applies some ontological and logical arguments to criticise ethical formalism,. Positing the universal law idea as a foundation of ethics, as a conception that disregards the concrete individual being faced a moral dilemma. Key words : Simmel, husserl, kant, Aristotle, ethics, individualism, person, history of concepts, personalistic ontology, formalism in the ethics, moral consciousness, universal law, individual act, principle of subsumption, habitus Demidova. The Absence of the Other in the bakhtins Philosophy of the Act The article is devoted to the research of the problem of the Other in the bakhtins essay «Toward a philosophy of the Act which was written in the so-called pre-dialogical period. The article reveals some consonances of bakhtins interpretation of human being with the world tendencies in philosophy (not in anthropology but epistemology only). Dialog is impossible in the essay perspective because bakhtin is concentrated there on monologism and egocentrism of the acting person. The Other is not identified and distinguished from the objective world of not-i in the essay, so it is not possible to make statement about the absence of the Other. Key words : khtin, action, the Other, monologism, dialogue, morality, ought, singularity, hen The authors. While theorist and provocateur, slavoj žižek tends to get characterized—especially homework in a recent, testy exchange with noam Chomsky —as obscurantist and muddle-headed, ive always found him quite readable, especially when compared to his mentor, psychoanalytic philosopher.
He also gives the possible intellectual, biographical and historical perspectives, which could be more or less useful. It should be also noted that Weber discussed with Tolstoy who in many aspects was an father's ideal type or an example of the ideal type. That is expressed in those simplifications and distortions which Weber makes in the relation to tolstoys ideas. Partly it was a dispute of Weber with himself. Key words : Max Weber, leo tolstoy, ethics, values, ethic of responsibility, ethic of conviction, the acosmism of love, war, pacifism, the meaning of life kashuba. Ethics in Philosophical courses of kyiv-mohyla Academy Professors The article is devoted to the analysis of the ethical contents of philosophy courses, taught by kyiv-mohyla Academy professors in the first half of xviii century . Key words : ethics, kyiv-mohyla Academy, the courses of philosophy, aristotle, prokopovych, kalynovskyj, kulyabka, kozachynskyj, konysskyj, professionalism Plotnikov. Essay on Phenomenological Ethics of Tschiževskij The article attempts to reconstruct the main arguments formulated.
Ethics in the system of Philosophical Criticism of Hermann Cohen The article is devoted to the ethical constructions of the founder of Marburg school of neokantianism Hermann Cohen. Drawing on the ethical views of Kant, cohen tries to overcome paper the shortcomings of Kantian ethics: the absence of the moral law and lack of clarity in the understanding of the connection between logic and ethics, theoretical and practical reason. Cohen seeks to establish a closer connection of logic and ethics in his philosophical system, to find practical a priori and to derive the basic ethical concepts by means of interpretation the thing in itself as an idea and use of the method of purity. Key words : ethics, kant, cohen, system of philosophy, transcendental method, practical a priori, moral law Troitsky. Max Weber as Anti-tolstoy the article has a purpose to show a narrow connection of the development of Max Webers ethical thought with his comprehension of leo tolstoys life and works. The author doesnt claim the exclusive and dominant influence of leo tolstoy on these or other Webers ethical ideas. The author makes statement just concerning certain connection between Webers ideas and Tolstoys creative heritage.
This idea distorts the essence of morality and casts doubt the reality of the subject of moral action. This is particularly evident when the idea of the autonomy of the individual (in Kant) develops into the conception of the autonomy of the world bases (in Schopenhauer). Due to the fact that these «projects» deny the authenticity of the axiological motivation of human action, they are necessarily opposed to all types of personalistic ethics. Key words : ethics, moral subject, the autonomy of the moral will, the world will, kant, Schopenhauer. The Ethical meaning of the distinction of Moralitat and Sittlichkeit in Hegels Philosophy. The article aims to clarify the ethical and theoretical grounds of distinguishing between «Moralität» and «Sittlichkeit» in Hegel's moral philosophy. Since this distinction was conceived as a part of more general research project of the «absolute sittlichkeit» moralitas absoluta the formation and elaboration of it are reconstructed in the context of conceptual invariants of Hegel's ethical thought. Key words: ethics, ethical theory, concept of morality, ethical life, duty vs reality, hegels philosophy, german idealism, divine providence theory, religious ethics.
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The paper shows, however, how Smith, without ignoring the theoretical aspect of the mindbody problem, uses social and ethical theoretical concepts to approach. Smiths account of intellectual and bodily capacities is masters presented in relation to some 20th centurys philosophers account. It is shown how Smith uses the concept of «impartial spectator that is, the conscience as a capacity of understanding and judgment to mediate between mind and body. However, the conscience has to be free to be able to do this. In the paper, it is claimed that from Smiths point of view in «commercial society» there are structural obstacles for conscience being free. Therefore, it is suggested, as opposed to mainstream reading of Smiths work, that there is a social utopian perspective in Smiths thought, which goes much beyond commercial society in which humans and their conscience is free. This society which Smith clearly envisages is described as an «open society» of «free communication» and mutual «trust».
Key words : Smith, impartial spectator, mind, body, conscience, commercial society, open society, social utopia. The autonomy of the will: Kant and Schopenhauer on the aimlessness of Moral Action. The author investigates the kants and Schopenhauers moral theories concerning the aimlessness of moral action. These theories are considered as two «project» of impersonal ethics. General sense of these theories is the idea of the existential autonomy of the will.
Key words: morality, ethics, moral absolutism, doctrine of double effect, prohibition on the use of force. History of moral philosophy, apressyan. The Problem of the Other in Aristotles Philosophy. Although Aristotle points to self-sufficiency as an essential attribute of happiness-eudamonia, he recognizes the Other personified in the virtuous friend as a necessary factor of happiness. Key words : Aristotle, the Other, philia, friendship, virtue, happiness, self-sufficiency. On One Fragment from Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle.
The article is devoted to one place from. Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, causing a lot of arguments: "They seem also to remember any service they have done, but not those they have received (for he who receives a service is inferior to him who has done it, but the proud man wishes. The concept of act is being discussed as based on the idea of being the cause of one's own act and one's friend's acting. Key words: Aristotle, act, benevolence, high-minded (Great-minded, Proud self-sufficiency, friendship, polis. Adam Smiths Concept of the Impartial Spectator and the mind-Body Problem. This paper deals with Adam Smiths account of mindbody problem as a social one. This problem is usually dealt with as an epistemological question.
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The book «Philosophical language of statement Jacques Derrida» by natalia avtonomova helps in finding answers to these questions, focusing on the real role of aporii pressure and individual life experience in the conceptual work of the French philosopher. Keywords : small, local, universal, Other, otherness, deconstruction, cosmopolitism, philosophy, human rights. Moral Absolutism and the doctrine of double Effect in the context of Debates about Moral Permissibility of the Use of Force. The paper reconstructs a history and analyzes a normative relevance of the doctrine of double effect employing as a basis of analysis the material of debates about moral permissibility of the use of force. The author interprets the doctrine of double effect as one of potential foundations of absolutist (deontological) ethics of force which spring up from the absolutists reflection on some contradictions between common morality (moral sense) and rigorist non-violence ethics. The distinction between intentional and foreseen but unintentional bad effects of the action leading to good effects allows absolutists to narrow the scope of the prohibition on the use of force maintaining the permissibility of some cases of killing, maiming, causing pain while considering other. Yet absolutist (deontological) ethics of force based upon the doctrine of double effect cannot be coherent because the aforementioned distinction is not strict and qualitative.
The article is devoted to the understanding of the fundamental problem of the relationship between morality and civilization. The author carries out the classification and the comparative analysis of principle methods of addressing the problem in the history of European philosophy. The modern state and trends of the human civilization and culture evolution is the object of the study. Key words: culture, civilization, philosophy, ethics, morals, moral law, moral ideal, science, religion, ideology, society, rationality. The Small and the big: Discovering the Other Side. While provoking questions about the big and unambiguous, eternal and universal the principle of the small itself from time to time reaches the borders of own appliance and is in need of support from the big. How can the big be noticed, discovered in the small and the small in the big, how can we learn to live radio with otherness, thereby increasing area of the possible?
of norms and regulations, in the content and functions of which have the essential features of morality. It is shown that the concept of moral pluralism, opposing monism, is based mainly on the unjustified expansion of the phenomenon of morality,. On an arbitrary inclusion in this area many other non-moral axiological principles and behavior regulators. Key words : morality, ethos, ethics, uniqueness and multiplicity, monism and pluralism, absolutism and relativism, objectivity and accepted meaning. To the Problem of the relationship of Morality and civilization.
Answer: The bottle breaks and the wine gushes out." 1 During a conference held in 1997 in Freiburg, germany, dedicated to ramon Llull´s Arbre de ciència The Tree of Knowledge, a group of philosophers that specialise in medieval logic and semantics wrestled with. Read more, the Strange Fruit of Time, josé luis Pardo. Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees. The hair-raising thriller a clockwork Orange by Anthony literature burgess and more recently the no less spine-chilling film version by Stanley kubrik give josé luis Pardo the opportunity to reflect on the idea of public order —which is suspiciously similar to the order in which. Ultimately, this is what both seduces and. Read more, the past as a territory of a conflict. Manuel Cruz, faced with the debate aroused nowadays by the notions of subject and identity, any position in this regard must be provisional and thus open to review. Based on this premise of reviewable provisionality, manuel Cruz analyzes in this article concepts such as "victors and vanquished "executioners and victims" and "forgiveness leading into the interrelated topics of memory, the present and the future.
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Keep Calm and Carry On was the post-ironic catchphrase for Phase One of the financial Crisis. On one level, this was a piece of nostalgic kitsch. However, to truly understand its popularity, we have to consider the ways in which the message - keep calm and carry on - expresses perfectly the affective regime through which emotional responses to the crisis of neoliberalism are being organised by powerful forces today. In Praise of naïvety, javier Gomá lanzón, as implied by the title, in his article, javier Gomá reveals a philosophical methodology based on what he calls "learned naïvety". With a certain amount of irony, and starting from the potential loss of time involved in paying business attention to a cultural event for example attending a conference or alternatively, reading a text whose source originates from that conference the author amplifies his premise, finishing. Ramon Llull: a logic of Invention. Amador Vega, in a passage from Ramon Llull´s Abre qüestional The Tree of questions a disciple asks the master the following question: "Question: Why do people die?