My proposal is that we do away with Hell. The word, that. Few words create more problems of interpretation, or more misunderstandings, than the use of this word in our translations of the Scriptures, the liturgy, and the writings of the fathers. For example, what do we mean when we sing at Vespers on Saturday night that Christ has slayed Hell with the splendor of his divinity, or that Christ has delivered all men from Hell? Are we espousing universal salvation? A lot of people might well draw that conclusion.
A, modest, proposal, themes from LitCharts The creators of SparkNotes
Distress, "arrest for debt.". Prescription of ingredients for any composition" (Johnson). These "expedients" are serious proposals, several of which Swift advocated in his other publications. Five shillings a pound is a twenty-five percent tax. Topinamboo, a district in Brazil. Titus sacked the second Temple in Jerusalem. Swift is making a coy reference to England. Come now, and let us reason together, saith the lord: though your sins be as meaning scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool. If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat luther the good of the land (. Hello, and welcome yet again to faith philosophy. Todays topic is: Hell: a modest Proposal.
Swift's note: "Rabelais.". Shambles, "meat markets.". George Psalmanazar, an impostor who claimed to be from Formosa (modern taiwan). His Historical and geographical Description of Formosa (1704) described their religious practices: every year 18,000 young boys were sacrificed to the gods, and the parishioners father's ate their raw hearts. Mandarin, "A Chinese nobleman or magistrate" (Johnson). Gibbet, "A gallows; the post on which malefactors are hanged, or on which their carcases are exposed" (Johnson). A groat is worth four pence; proverbially, any small amount. Chair, "a vehicle born by men; a sedan" (Johnson). Dissenters or Nonconformists, whose principles Swift rejected.
Projector, "One who forms schemes or designs" (Johnson). Dam, "The mother: used of beasts, or other animals not human or "A human mother: in contempt or detestation" (Johnson). Parishes were responsible for the support of those unable to work. Doubt, "suspect" or "imagine.". Britain imposed strict regulations on Irish agriculture. Towardly salon parts, "ready abilities.". Fricasee, "A dish made by cutting chickens or other small things in pieces, and dressing them with strong sauce" (Johnson ragout, "Meat stewed and highly seasoned" (Johnson). Quality, "Rank; superiority of birth or station" (Johnson). British landlords took much of the blame for Ireland's condition, and generally with good reason.
But before something of that kind shall be advanced in Contradiction to my Scheme, and offering a better, i desire the author, or Authors will be pleased maturely to consider two points. First, as things now stand, how they will be able to find food and raiment for a hundred thousand useless mouths and Backs. And Secondly, there being a round Million of Creatures in humane figure, throughout this Kingdom, whose whole subsistence put into a common Stock, would leave them in Debt two millions of pounds Sterling adding those, who are beggars by Profession, to the bulk of Farmers. 33 i profess in the sincerity of my heart that I have not the least personal Interest in endeavouring to promote this necessary work having no other Motive than the publick good of my country, by advancing our Trade, providing for Infants, relieving the poor. I have no Children, by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past Child-bearing. The Pretender was the descendant of King James ii of the house of Stuart, expelled from Britain in 1689. James and his descendants were catholic, so they took refuge in Catholic countries. Many poor Irish were forced to seek a living in the new World.
A, modest, proposal - wikisource, the free online library
But this, and many others i omit being studious of Brevity. 28 Supposing that one thousand Families in this City, would be constant Customers for Infants Flesh, besides others who might have it at Merry-meetings, particularly at Weddings and Christenings, i compute that Dublin would take off Annually about twenty thousand Carcases, and the rest. 29 I can think of no one Objection, that will possibly be raised against this Proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, 27 and it was indeed one Principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that i calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, i think, ever can be upon Earth.
Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: 28 Of taxing our Absentees at five shillings a pound: 29 Of using neither Cloaths, nor household Furniture, except what is of our own Growth and Manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and Instruments that. Lastly of putting a spirit of Honesty, industry and skill into our Shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our Native goods, would immediately unite to Cheat and Exact 32 upon us in the Price, the measure, and the goodness. 30 Therefore i repeat, let no man talk to me of these and the like expedients, till he hath at least a glimpse of Hope, that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into Practice. 31 But as to my self, having been wearied out for many years with offering vain, idle, visionary thoughts, and at length utterly despairing of Success, i fortunately fell upon this Proposal, which as it is wholly new, so it hath something Solid and real. For this kind of Commodity will not bear Exportation, the Flesh being of too tender a consistance, to admit a long continuance in Salt, although perhaps I could name a country, which would be glad to eat up our whole nation summary without. 33 32 After all i am not so violently bent upon my own Opinion, as to reject any Offer, proposed by wise men, which shall be found equally Innocent, Cheap, easy and Effectual.
20 I have too long digressed, and therefore shall return to my subject. I think the advantages by the Proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the highest importance. 21 For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of Papists, with whom we are yearly over-run, being the principal Breeders of the nation, as well as our most dangerous Enemies, and who stay at home on purpose with. 22 Secondly, the poorer Tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made lyable to distress, 25 and help to pay their Landlord's Rent, their Corn and Cattle being already seazed, and Money a thing unknown. 23 Thirdly, whereas the maintainance of an hundred thousand Children, from two years old, and upwards, cannot be computed at less than Ten Shillings a piece per Annum, the nation's Stock will be thereby encreased fifty thousand pounds per Annum, besides the profit.
24 fourthly, the constant Breeders, besides the gain of Eight Shillings Sterling per Annum, by the sale of their Children, will be rid of the Charge of maintaining them after the first year. 25 Fifthly, this food would likewise bring great Custom to taverns, where the vintners will certainly be so prudent as to procure the best receipts 26 for dressing it to perfection, and consequently have their houses frequented by all the fine gentlemen, who justly value. 26 Sixthly, this would be a great Inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards, or enforced by laws and Penalties. It would encrease the care and tenderness of Mothers towards their Children, when they were sure of a settlement for Life, to the poor Babes, provided in some sort by the publick to their Annual profit instead of Expence, we should soon see an honest. 27 Many other advantages might be enumerated: For Instance, the addition of some thousand Carcases in our exportation of Barreled beef. The Propagation of Swines Flesh, and Improvement in the Art of making good Bacon, so much wanted among us by the great destruction of Pigs, too frequent at our Tables, which are no way comparable in Taste, or Magnificence to a well grown, fat yearling.
A, modern, modest, proposal, free essays
Then as to the females, it would, i think, with humble submission, be a loss to the publick, because they soon would become Breeders themselves: And besides it is not improbable that some scrupulous people might be apt to censure such a practice, (although indeed. 18 But in order to justify my friend, he confessed, that this expedient was put into his head by the famous Sallmanaazor, 19 father's a native of the Island Formosa, who came from thence to london, above twenty years ago, and in Conversation told my friend. Neither indeed can I deny, that if the same use were made of several plump young Girls in this Town, who, without one single Groat 22 to their Fortunes, cannot stir abroad without a chair, 23 and appear at a play-house, and Assemblies in Foreign. 19 Some persons of a desponding Spirit are in great concern about that vast Number of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed, and I have been desired to imploy my thoughts what course may be taken, to ease the nation of so grievous. But i am not in the least pain upon that matter, because it is very well known, that they are every day dying, and rotting, by cold, and famine, and filth, and vermin, as fast as can be reasonably expected. And as to the younger Labourers they are now in almost as hopeful a condition. They cannot get Work, and consequently pine away from want of nourishment, to a degree, that if at any time they are accidentally hired shredder to common Labour, they have not strength to perform it, and thus the country and themselves are happily delivered from the.
13 Infant's flesh will be in season throughout the year, but more plentiful in March, and a little before and after; for we are told by a grave author 16 an eminent French physitian, that Fish being a prolifick dyet, there are more Children resume born. 14 I have already computed the Charge of nursing a beggars Child (in which list I reckon all Cottagers, labourers, and four fifths of the farmers ) to be about two Shillings per Annum, rags included; and I believe no gentleman would repine to give. Thus the Squire will learn to be a good Landlord, and grow popular among his Tenants, the mother will have eight Shillings neat profit, and be fit for Work till she produceth another Child. 15 Those who are more thrifty ( as I must confess the times require ) may flay the carcass; the skin of which, Artificially 17 dressed, will make admirable Gloves for Ladies, and Summer boots for fine gentlemen. 16 As to our City of Dublin, shambles 18 may be appointed for this purpose, in the most convenient parts of it, and Butchers we may be assured will not be wanting, although I rather recommend buying the Children alive, and dressing them hot from. 17 a very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my Scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this Kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of Venison might be well supplyed by the bodies of young Lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of Age, nor under twelve; so great. But with due deference to so excellent a friend, and so deserving a patriot, i cannot be altogether in his Sentiments, for as to the males, my American acquaintance assured me from frequent Experience, that their flesh was generally tough and lean, like that.
utterly impossible by all the. 7 i am assured by our Merchants, that a boy or Girl, before twelve years Old, is no saleable commodity, and even when they come to this Age, they will not yield above three pounds, or three pounds and half a crown at most. 8 I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be lyable to the least Objection. 9 I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy Child well Nursed is at a year Old, a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether Stewed, roasted, baked, or boyled, and I make no doubt. 12 10 I do therefore humbly offer it to publick consideration, that of the hundred and twenty thousand Children, already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for Breed, whereof only one fourth part to be males, which is more than we allow to Sheep, black. That the remaining hundred thousand may at a year Old be offered in Sale to the persons of quality, 13 and Fortune, through the kingdom, always advising the mother to let them Suck plentifully in the last Month, so as to render them Plump, and. A child will make two dishes at an Entertainment for Friends, and when the family dines alone, the fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish, and seasoned with a little pepper or Salt will be very good boiled on the fourth day, especially. 11 I have reckoned upon a medium, that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year if tollerably nursed encreaseth to 28 pounds. 12 I grant this food will be somewhat dear, 14 and therefore very proper for Landlords, 15 who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the best Title to the Children.
3 But my Intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the Children of professed beggars, it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of Infants at a certain essay Age, who are born of Parents. 4 As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for many years, upon this important Subject, and maturely weighed the several Schemes of other Projectors, 4 I have always found them grossly mistaken in their computation. It is true a child, just dropt from it's Dam, 5 may be supported by her Milk, for a solar year with little other nourishment, at most not above the value of two Shillings, which the mother may certainly get, or the value in Scraps. 5 There is likewise another great Advantage in my Scheme, that it will prevent those voluntary Abortions, and that horrid practice of Women murdering their Bastard Children, alas! Too frequent among us, sacrificing the poor innocent Babes, i doubt, 8 more to avoid the Expence, than the Shame, which would move tears and Pity in the most savage and inhuman breast. 6 The number of souls in this Kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, Of these i calculate there may be about two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders, from which number i substract thirty Thousand couples, who are able to maintain. I again Subtract fifty Thousand for those women who miscarry, or whose Children dye by accident, or disease within the year.
Example sentences with "
Swift, "a modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on Their Parents or country, and for making Them. Beneficial to business the publick, by jonathan Swift, edited and annotated. Jack lynch 1 It is a melancholly Object to those, who walk through this great Town, 1 or travel in the country, when they see the. Streets, the, roads, and, cabbin-doors, crowded with, beggars of the female. Sex, followed by three, four, or six Children, all in Rags, and importuning every passenger for an Alms. Mothers instead of being able to work for their honest livelyhood, are forced to employ all their time in Stroling, to beg Sustenance for their helpless Infants, who, as they grow up either turn. Thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native, country to fight for the Pretender in Spain, 2 or sell themselves to the, barbadoes. 3 2 I think it is agreed by all. Parties, that this prodigious number of Children, in the Arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their, mothers, and frequently of their Fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom, a very great additional grievance; and therefore whoever could find.