Helena corn Law passed with enormous benefit to landlords (see 1849 ) Trial by jury established in Scotland davy develops the safety lamp for miners Nash Brighton pavilion 1816 Economic depression - rise in wheat prices Income tax abolished Excise tax payable on paper production. Peter's fields, manchester demand Parliamentary reform mounted troops charge on the meeting, killing 11 people and and maiming many others Dec: Six Acts passed against radical political Unions prohibits assemblies similar. Peter's fields and imposes press censorship Primitive bicycle, the dandy horse, becomes popular (see 1839 ) Britain returns to gold standard keats Ode on a grecian Urn 1820 Jan 29: Accession of george iv, previously Prince regent Cato Street Conspiracy plot to assissinate British cabinet. Peel begins penal reforms death penalty abolished for over 100 crimes Dec 2: us president James Monroe delivers a speech establishing American neutrality in future european conflicts (the 'monroe doctrine rugby football 'invented' at Rugby School (others think if happened later than this, possibly. Ampere Electrodynamics Mendelssohn Midsummer Night's Dream, overture 1827 Apr 7: First recorded sale of matches, from the store of John Walker of Stockton-on-tees under the name 'sulphurata hyper-Oxygenata Frict' hallam Constitutional History of England (one of the first historians to use original documents in his. Nov: Agricultural 'Swing' riots in southern England, repressed with many transportations nov 22: Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime minister beerhouse Act liberalized regulations on the brewing and sale of beer by individuals by this act it was possible for any householder assessed.
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Spain, austria 1726 First circulating library opened in Edinburgh Invention of the chronometer by john Harrison Swift Gulliver's Travels 1727 board of Manufacturers established in Scotland Jun 11: george i dies george ii hanover becomes king 1729 Methodists begin at Oxford nov 9: Treaty. 1752 started on 1 January, so that 1751 was a short year. Gin Act passed 1752 Jan 1: Beginning of the year 1752 Scotland had adopted January as the start of the year in 1600, and embalmer some other countries in Europe had adopted the Gregorian calendar as early as 1582 sep 3: Julian Calendar dropped and rage Gregorian. The attack was perhaps spectacular (a charge did detonate beneath the ship but was nevertheless unsuccessful. "Turtle" was a one man affair, man-powered Les moore (see 1864 ) 1777 Samuel Miller of southampton patents the circular saw. 1779 Feb 14: Capt James cook killed on Hawaii crompton's mule invented (textile production) Marc Isambard Brunel opens the first steamdriven sawmill at Chatham Dockyard in Kent First iron bridge built, over the severn by john Wilkinson First Spinning Mills operational in Scotland Sep. it was repealed 1794 Jun 4: Montgolfier brothers launch first hot-air balloon (unmanned at Annonay, france jul: Climate: hottest month on record until 1983; Gilbert White in his 'natural History of Selborne' says: "The summer of 1783 was an amazing and portenteous one, and full. Apparently it was caused by the eruption of laki in Iceland which continued from 8th Jun 1783 to 7th February 1784 Sep 3: Treaty of Versailles (Britain/US) nov 3: Last public execution at Tyburn in London (John Austin, a highwayman) nov 21: First untethered hot-air. Patrick's saltire to the Union Flag Mar 10: First census puts the population of England and Wales at 9,168,000 population of Britain nearly 11 million (75 rural) Grand Union Canal opens in England Surrey iron railway, on which horse-drawn trucks carry coal and farm produce. It was commemorated by the royal Mint in 2004 in the form of.00 coin. (see 1829) Mar 3: John Wedgwood (eldest son of the potter Josiah Wedgwood) founds The royal Horticultural Society mar 21: Code napoleon adopted in France dec 2: Napoleon declares himself Emperor of the French Dec 12: Spain declares war on Britain Matthew Flinders recommends that.
Counties were assessed at a fixed sum and the parish"s were rarely altered. No systematic revaluation of properties was ever made after 1698 so that assessments tended to reflect the initial late-seventeenth century values. Its records in detail are usually available between 17French intention to invade England came to naught 1693 Aug 4: Date traditionally ascribed to dom pierre pérignon 's invention of Champagne some Thoughts Concerning Education published by john Locke climate: Oat harvest failed repeatedly in Scotland. Chancery Proceedings type filed under Six Clerks. Longitude Act: prize of 20,000 offered to the inventor of a workable method of determining a ship's longitude (won by john Harrison in 1773 for his chronometer). Schism Act, prevents Dissenters from being schoolmasters in England. Landholders forced to take the oath of Allegiance and renounce roman Catholicism. Quarter Sessions Records from this date often mention Protestant dissenters and Roman Catholic recusants. Handel Water Music 1715 Aug 1: riot Act passed Second Jacobite rebellion in Scotland, under the Old Pretender The fifteen 1716 The septennial Act of Britain leads to greater electoral corruption general elections now to be held once every 7 years instead of every.
1625) Jul 25: Coronation james vi of Scotland is crowned first king of Great Britain 1604 Robert Cawdrey a table Alphabeticall first English dictionary nov 1: Shakespeare: Othello first presented James I repealed all of England's sumptuary restrictions 1605 nov 5: Gunpowder plot at Westminster. Persecution of Non-conformists in England Restoration of Episcopacy in Scotland board of Trade founded in London Hand-struck postage stamps first used Corporation Act prevents non-Anglicans from holding municipal office 1662 hearth Tax until 1689 (1690 in Scotland) poor Relief Act or "Act of Settlement" gave. A special service (expunged in 1859) was inserted in the book of Common Prayer and people wore sprigs of oak with gilded oak-apples on that day. It commemorates Charles ii's concealment with Major Careless in the 'royal oak' at Boscobel, near Shifnal, Shropshire, after his defeat at Worcester on Aug 27: nieuw Amsterdam becomes New York as 300 English soldiers under Col. Mathias Nicolls take the town from the dutch under orders from Charles. The town is renamed after the king's brother James, duke of York 1665 Great Plague of London (July-October) kills over 60,000 nov 7: The london gazette first published one of the official journals of record of the United Kingdom government, and the oldest continuously published. For practical purposes, however, assessors tended to avoid assessing items of wealth other than landed property so that it became known as the land Tax.
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1400) begins writing The canterbury tales 1388 Aug 5: Battle of Otterburn, northumberland (Chevy chase) 1389 June 15: Battle of Kosovo; The Ottoman Empire defeats Serbs and Bosnians 1392 Wells Cathedral clock 1397 Apr: geoffrey chaucer instrumentation tells the canterbury tales for the first time. 1423) first becomes Lord mayor of London 1399 Sep: Deposition of King Richard II; Henry iv establishes Lancastrian dynasty 1400 Oct 25: geoffrey chaucer dies in London Sep 16: Owen Glendower declared Prince of Wales start of rebellion of against Henry iv average life expectancy. 1480 Spanish Inquisition begins (did nobody really expect it?) 1483 Murder of the princes (Edward v and his younger brother Richard of Shrewsbury) in the tower; their uncle richard, duke of Gloucester becomes king (Richard iii) 1484 Introduction of bail for defendants in legal courts. A shilling coin was minted for the first time a few years later 1492 nov 9: peace of Etaples between Henry vii and Charles viii of France improvement in relations continued until the end of Henry's reign Dec 5: Christopher Columbus becomes the first European. Parish registers instituted in Spain by cardinal Ximenes Cabot reaches North America 1499 nov 16: Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the throne, executed 1503 may 28: Marriage of King James iv of Scots and Margaret Tudor 1503-5 leonardo da vinci paints Mona lisa 1505-6 royal College.
1574 Colonial State papers published continued to james Burbage opens first theatre in London 1579 Act of Uniformity in matters of religion enforced 1580 Apr 6: The 'easter earthquake' or dover Straits earthquake, largest in the recorded history of England, mentioned by Shakespeare nurse: "Tis. Iii, line 22) dozens of ships sunk and a tsunami hit Calais; several London churches also damaged Colonisation of Ireland Congregational movement founded by robert Browne about this time 1581 Jan 16: English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism Apr 4: Francis Drake knighted by Elizabeth. Pope Gregory suppressed 10 days by altering 5 Oct to 15 Oct, thus making the Spring equinox fall on Dates relating to the julian calendar were then referred to as 'Old Style and those relating to the Gregorian calendar as 'new Style'. See 16 for its adoption in Britain. Nov 28: In Stratford-upon-avon, william Shakespeare and Anne hathaway pay a 40 bond for their marriage licence 1583 Aug: Sir Humphrey gilbert attempts to establish English authority at St John's, newfoundland foundation of Cambridge University Press by Thomas Thomas University of Edinburgh founded 1584 Jun. 1585 foundation of Oxford University Press Shakespeare started seriously to write about this time 1586 Camden Britannia, first topographical survey of England 1587 Feb 8: Execution of Mary, queen of Scots, at Fotheringay castle, near Peterborough Apr 19: Sir Francis Drake sinks the Spanish fleet.
1199) acknowledges the independence of Scotland Sep 1: Legal Memory dates from accession of Richard i before that is 'time Immemorial see mar: Jews of York massacred (150 in number) Opening of the Third Crusade 'early English' gothic period in English architecture (till about 1280). Its towers were finally completed in 1472. Salisbury cathedral: started (replacing the norman cathedral at Old Sarum) by bishop poore in 1220, consecrated in 1258, and its great spire finished in Introduction of a poll tax in England King Alexander ii of Scotland conquers Argyll 1228 First recorded mention of the royal. 1259 Dec 4: Treaty of Paris between Henry iii and louis ix of France henry agreed to renounce control of Normandy (except for the Channel Islands maine, anjou and poitou, which had been lost under the reign of King John. He was able to keep Gascony and parts of Aquitaine but only as a vassal to louis.
In exchange, louis withdrew his support for English rebels. Said to be one of the indirect causes of the hundred years War 1260 Chartres cathedral dedicated 1263 Oct 2: Battle of Largs, ayrshire king Alexander iii said to have defeated Norwegian invaders under King haakon iv 1264 First recorded reference to justice of the. but this also claimed for Crécy, see 1346 ) 1266 Western Isles acquired by Scotland 1270 Eighth Crusade (1270) 1271 Ninth (and last) crusade (127172) 1272 nov 20: Edward I (who was away on the Crusade) declared king of England following the death of his. In addition to the penny, the halfpenny and farthing were minted, and also a fourpenny piece called a 'groat' (from the French 'gross 1280 'decorated' gothic period in English architecture (till about 1370) Climate: peak of the medieval warm period 1282 Dec 10: Llewellyn, last. (but some say they derive from 1361, in the reign of Edward iii) among other things, authorised manorial lords to enclose commons and wastes where the common rights belonged to tenants from other manors 1290 Oct: death of the 'maid of Norway heiress to the. Can't find confirmation of this one see regular series of wills starts in Prerogative court of Canterbury 1386 Treaty of Windsor between Britain and Portugal "The British have an alliance with Portugal unbroken since the year 1384, and which produced fruitful results at a critical.
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He ordered that crops and herds, tools and food should be burned to ashes. More than 100,000 people perished of hunger" Orderic Vitalis King Malcolm Canmore of Scotland marries Margaret (later St Margaret) 1072 King Malcolm iii of Scotland submitted to william the conqueror c1070 Reconstruction of Canterbury cathedral begins: The business saxon cathedral burned in 1067. Lanfranc, first Norman Archbishop, restored and enlarged its buildings between 10A new choir was consecrated in 1130 but burned in 1174, four years after Becket's murder. That was rebuilt by 1184, but the nave wasn't finished until 1405. Others say completed Norman conquest of England complete 1077 Possible reviews completion of the bayeux Tapestry 1079 Construction of Winchester Cathedral begins (consecrated in 1093 but not completed until 1404.) 1081 building of Tower of London starts others say completion of Domesday book 1092 may. Circa 1100 at St Albans,. T Anagni and buried in the vatican) Dec 19: Henry ii crowned in Westminster Abbey 1155 Papal bull issued by Adrian iv, the only Englishman to serve as Pope, gives the king of England lordship over Ireland 1157 Jul: Henry ii of England invades Wales.
Their war-leaders were two brothers, hengist and Horsa first of all they killed and drove away the king's enemies, then later they turned on the king and the British mid-450s, destroying through fire and the sword's edge.' anglo-saxon Chronicles 467 Chinese observe halley's comet c490. he overcame all Britain save kent alone anglo-saxon Chronicles 622 Muhammad's flight from Mecca marks the start of the muslim calendar 642 Aug: Battle of Maserfield: Penda of Mercia defeats Oswald of Northumbria c650 Sutton hoo ship-burial 651 St Aidan dies 655 nov: Battle. 735) First synod of clergy in England (at Hertford) roman and Celtic churches came to an agreement on the date to celebrate easter 6857 Cuthbert served as Bishop of Lindisfarne c698 Lindisfarne gospels 710 Roman Christianity established in Pictland 722 First written version of Anglo-saxon. 839 but see 937 see also general list of dates for Monarchs of England 838 Norse establish permanent base at Dublin 844 Kenneth i macAlpin, king of Scots, becomes King of Picts start of Scottish kingdom 865874 Danish army conquers north-eastern third of England 871. In battle 900) 891 Beginning of Anglo-saxon Chronicle marks revival of learning in England 899 Oct 26: death of King Alfred the Great (some say 901 succeeded by Edward (the Elder) 917921 Edward of Wessex conquers southern half of Danelaw with the help of his. 1035) 1017 Canute divides statement England into four Earldoms: Wessex, mercia, northumbria and East Anglia 1018 Battle of Carham: Malcolm defeats the northumbrians adding Lothian to Scotland c1030 guido of Arezzo introduces first practical form of musical notation, enabling melodies to be sung on sight 1034. 1057) Lady godiva, wife of earl of Mercia, rides naked through coventry as a protest against taxes now why couldn't Shakespeare have written about that instead? 1042 Edward the confessor King of England (d. 1066) First recorded use of moveable type, in China building of Westminster Abbey consecrated, only a week before Edward the confessor's death and subsequent funeral (rebuilt 12451517) 1054 Jul: Supernova observed by Arabian and Chinese astronomers becomes the Crab Nebula The Great Schism, when Christianity.
Pompeii, herculaneum, and Stabiae are buried in volcanic ash c8085 Campaign of Agricola in southern Scotland c85 Battle. St Alban first Christian martyr in Britain. Bede implies some date between 303 and 313 321 Emperor Constantine i decrees a day of rest each week in the roman Empire and calls it 'sunday' 325 council of Nicaea establishes basic Christian dogma c350 St Ninian first to preach Christian religion in Scotland. He gave them territory in the southeast of this land on the condition that they fight the picts. This they did, and had victory wherever they went. Then they sent to Angel and commanded more aid they soon sent hither a greater host to help the others. Then came the men of three germanic tribes: Old Saxons, Angles and Jutes. Of the jutes come the people of Kent and the Isle of Wight; of the Old Saxons come the east-Saxons, south-Saxons and West-Saxons; of the Angles come the east Anglians, middle Anglians, mercians and all Northumbrians.
BC49, jan thesis 10 (of the roman calendar julius caesar crosses the rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. BC46, caesar institutes the julian calendar by adding 90 days to the end of this year (came into force in January bc45). BC45 Jan 1: The julian calendar takes effect for the first time. BC44, mar 15: caesar assassinated in Rome. BC27, jan 16: The title augustus bestowed upon gaius Julius caesar Octavian. BC/ad since the romans had no zero, there was no year AD0 (see. AD525 ) AD43 Roman Conquest of Britain begun by Emperor Claudius camulodunum (Colchester) captured and becomes first Roman Base in England AD47 Fosse way built AD60 revolt.
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Useful dates in British history, useful dates in British history for the local historian or genealogist. With a few others added in for good measure! Send additions/corrections/comments please to, john Owen Smith. My thanks to major contributors, who are acknowledged, please note disclaimer at end, frith's postcard dating list. Historical value of money. Imperial measures, glossary of Terms, monarchs of England and their dates. Special days, bC4004 biography Oct 23: The beginning of Creation, as calculated by james Ussher (1581 1656 Archbishop of Armagh and believed until Victorian times BC3952 Mar 18: The beginning of Creation, as calculated by the venerable bede (673 735) BC551 Birth of Confucius. BC490, battle of Marathon, bC240 First recorded sighting of Halley's comet BC55 Aug 27: caesar's first British expedition (second in BC54).