The research also indicated their perception towards their peers's body dissatisfaction predicted their own level of body dissatisfaction and dieting awareness. It was also found that looking at magazines will indicated higher dissatisfaction with their appearance (Dohnt tiggemann, 2006). Furthermore, schooler (2008) conducted a study to investigate the usage of media and acculturation in shaping of the body image of Latino adolescence girls(Schooler, 2008). The research collected data from 81 Latina girls who's age are from 11 years old and 17 years old (Schooler, 2008). In the study conducted by Schooler (2008 an amount of 81 participants reported their body satisfaction, acculturation, and their usage of mainstream media which is Black-oriented and Spanish- language television. 52 of these adolescences continued to participate in a longitudinal follow-up 2 years late r(Schooler, 2008). The results indicated frequent viewing of mainstream television correlates with decrease in body image (Schooler, 2008).
Uses, and, misuse, of, internet, essay
Mulgrew, kostas, assignment and Rendell (2013) found that music video clips are powerful tools that convey information about ideal male body image and will cause them to have lower happiness level, dissatisfaction with body and appearance and higher chances of having depressive mood (Mulgrew, kostas, rendell, 2013). Besides, it was also discovered by mask and Blanchard (2011) that females who have a higher of autonomous regulation of eating behaviours displayed higher intentions to control their intake of food and cut down unhealthy food intake (Mask blanchard, 2011). Moreover, vdi in an research conducted by dalley, buunk and Umit (2009 individual differences in body mass index and neuroticism used to investigate whether these two variables affects the vulnerability of exposure to overweight media images than thin media images (Dalley, buunk, umit, 2009). Before the random exposure to thin or overweight conditions, female volunteers had to give their height and weight data and completed a 12 item neuroticism questionnaire (Dalley, buunk, umit, 2009). Subsequently, the researchers found that thin media images did contributed to a higher body image dissatisfaction and there was also an interaction in volunteers who are both higher in bmi and neuroticism with overweight body image (Dalley, buunk, umit, 2009). Therefore, it was showed that body image dissatisfaction is not solely restricted to thin media message (Dalley, buunk, umit, 2009). In conjunction, dohnt and Tiggemann (2006 studied media and peer influence in both body image concerns and dieting awareness of girls who ages are from five to eight years old. A sample size of 128 girls from their first four years of formal schooling was recruited. The girls were interviewed individually through a brief scenario to evaluate aspect of body image and dieting awareness. The researchers found that most girls desired a thinner figure by the age of 6 and both media and peer influence became significant predictors of their dieting awareness and perception of body image.
This is supported by a previous study done by tiggemann and Macgil (2004) which study whether exposure to magazine images of either whole body or body parts lead to social comparison (Tiggemann macgil, 2004). The result of the study found that both magazine images of thin ideal either full body or body parts plays and significant influence with social comparison with leads to other negative effects (Tiggemann macgil, 2004). Furthermore, a study conducted by want, vickers, and Amos (2009) also supports the study above through their study on how "Friends" an American comedy can cause significant social comparison and appearance (Want, vickers, amos, 2009). Besides, mask and Blanchard (2011) conducted a research to examine the protective role of autonomous regulation of eating behaviours on the relationship between body dissatisfaction and women's body image concerns and eating-related intentions in the response to the "thin ideal" media (Mask blanchard, 2011). In this study mask and Blanchard (2011 used a total number of 138 undergraduate females and randomly assigned them to view either a "thin ideal" video or a neutral video (Mask blanchard, 2011). The result of the research showed that females with lower of autonomous regulation of eating behaviours portrayed more negative affect and size dissatisfaction after the viewing of thin ideal video (Mask blanchard, 2011). This study is supported by another similar study conducted Mulgrew, kostas, and Rendell (2013) whereby they focus on after math of music video clips on adolescent boys instead of females (Mulgrew, kostas, rendell, 2013).
Media influence on body image, media is everywhere in our current society, it is a barbing part of our daily lives and plays a significant role in affecting many our decisions and perception and one of the prominent influence media has on is body image. (2007) has conducted a study to investigate the role of media on body comparison as a mediator of the relationship between sociocultural factors and psychological factors that leads to body dissatisfaction between males and females (Berg., 2007). The study conducted by berg. (2007) show that females are more affected by media body comparison, and they portray significant relationship in having lower level self-esteem, depressive mood, friend dieting, exposure to magazines message about and bmi along with body dissatisfaction (Berg., 2007). This is consistent with a study done by Ata, ludden, lally (2007 which states that females desire to decrease their body size and negative body esteem are related with problems such as low self-esteem and having lower social support (Ata, ludden, lally, 2007). This study conducted by Ata, ludden, and Lally (2007 also found that that females reported higher peer support, teasing from family about weight, pressure from friends to lose weight and pressure from the media in the eating and body image measurement. In other words, media is one of the sociocultural factors that affected how they eat and their body image (Ata, ludden, lally, 2007). Females were also at a higher risk eating behaviour (Ata, ludden, lally, 2007). Furthermore, a study conducted by cohen(2006 studies how social comparison plays in media's influence on the need of becoming thin, body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, it was found that the ultra-thin images displayed by the media will lead to upward comparison, the upward comparison will.
The finding of the research states that there was a relationship between a high level of body image concern and self-perception of being overweight and the attempt to lose weight (luevorasirikul, 2007). Theoretical framework, social learning theory: Media influence on body image can be related to the social learning theory by Albert Bandura which indicates social learning happens through imitation or in other words observations (Jarvis, 2000). The media which is constantly bombarding the public with ultra-thin images created a channel for the public to observe and learn from these images as their reference and also example. This in other words created an environment for social learning. The public learn from the media that being thin is the way to have a good life, successful career, and also being attractive. Social comparison theory: Social comparison theories states that, comparison is done based on different context and situation. Media influence especially on ultra-thin images causes and individual to carry out upward comparison which leads to consequences of low self-esteem and body dissatisfaction. Chapter ii, literature review.
A guide Through the
Having a healthy perspective on body is important as dissatisfaction with body image contribute to depressive mood and lower self-esteem (Paxton, neumark-sztainer, hannan, eisenberg, 2006). The effects of a dissatisfied body image caused by the media's ultra-thin idea have led not only to psychological problems like low self-esteem but also causing eating upm disorder spondylolisthesis such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia (Cheng, 2006). This study is important because we should understand how the media has alter and distort our believe system. Through this study one can also be aware of how they percept their own body image. This study is also significant to healthcare personnel, as it will help them gain a better understanding on how serious the media can lead to unhealthy eating behaviours which will lead to health problems like eating disorder and also weight problems. (Abideen, latif, Khan, farooq, 2011).
This is crucial as healthcare personnel can have better insight towards the issue and will not neglect the issue. Early detection of signs and symptoms of eating disorder could also help the patient gain faster recovery and lower down the chances of death in case of anorexia nervosa. Furthermore, another significance of this research is that it can be useful for pharmacist in helping to give more information when selling weight management product so that users can use the correct product in a correct way, which can help in lowering risk cause. This can be seen from a research done by luevorasirikul (2007 media's promotion of slimness for women and muscularity for men has led to the report of dissatisfaction with their body image and in attempts to change their body image with weight control product. It suggests that pharmacists can help in promoting a healthier lifestyle and weight management. The study states that the quality of most weight lost product (80) advertisements are poor due to insufficient useful information and misleading claims.
To investigate whether media affects different gender differently. Is there any significant relationship between media influence and body image? Is there any significant difference between gender and media influence? Hypotheses, there is significant relationship between media influence and body image. There is a significant difference between gender and media influence.
Operation definition of variables. Several definitions are used for this research: Media: Defined by oxford dictionary as the main means of mass communication (television, radio, and newspapers) (Oxford University Press, 2012). Media can also be differentiated into two forms, which is the "old" media, consisting of film, magazines, newspaper, radio, television and the "new" media consisting of internet, digital television, digital radio mp3 players, video on demand and wap-based technology. The new media has the capability to communicate with potentially large numbers of people in a diverse range of social setting. Body image: How you feel your body is aesthetically and how attractive you perceive yourself (Nordqvist, 2012). Body image can also be explained as the picture you form in your mind about the appearance of your body. It also includes what you believe others may think about your body. Significant of study, the influence of media towards body image is getting more and more serious as it creates health issue.
Essay on use and abuse of science
This in an alarming statistic as we see media has greatly impact people into wanting to become ultra-thin which lead to complications like anorexia nervosa and probably other problems lead by their dieting habits. Furthermore, in a news article published by The Star Online, one out of ten young urban summary female college students in Malaysia are prone to eating disorder. The article mentioned that in Singapore a study of 4400 female students done by national University of Singapore (NUS) in 2005 found that seven per cent of these students were discovered to be at greater risk of eating disorder like anorexia and bulimia. It was also stated that there is an increase, by six times, in the incidence of eating disorder in Singapore since last ten years (Ng, 2007). This statistic has shown that eating disorder caused by media influence is not only in the western continent of the world but is also affecting the people around. Hence this research is to help people to be more aware of the impact of media towards their body image perception. Research objective, this study is to address the following objectives: to examine whether media influence play a crucial role in affecting the perception of one's body image.
Statement of problem, media plays a great impact on body image and can easily cause eating disorder. Children and adults learn from what they see from the bar media, which encourages an ultra-thin idea as beauty (Shea, 2009). According to the star online news, one in ten Malaysian young girls is prone to eating disorder. (devadas, 2008) by looking at the thin images portrayed by the media, people are shaped to think that being thin is being beautiful and will attempt all means to become thin with dieting and other attempts that will lead to eating disorder. The Independent online news in the United Kingdom, it states that they estimated 60000 people in Britain are suffering from eating disorder. Where the majority is women and about one in ten males are affected by this disorder. They also stated that about one to two per cent of women who is between age 15 to 30 are affected by anorexia nervosa. And 15 to 20 per cent of these people will die within 20 years (Norton, 2000).
are also dissatisfied with their body image. From the statistic above, we can clearly see how media influence the perception of one's appearance and body image. Media is defined by oxford dictionary as the main means of mass communication (television, radio, and newspapers) (Oxford University Press, 2012). It is now an influential tool to convey information, promote and advertise products. Movies, advertisement, dramas, going social networking sites, and watching videos online have become a part of a normal person's everyday life. According to an article published by emarketers from United States, a person spends an average of 669 minutes of their time on media. (EMarketer, 2012) These forms of media include television, going online, print media like newspaper and magazines, using mobile devices and more. 669 minutes is equivalent.65 hours which is almost half a day. From the amount of time spent on media, again we can see how influential media is to the society nowadays.
There are several symptoms that may indicate one is having a negative body image. These signs and symptoms are having obsessive self- examination in mirrors, thinking about negative comments about your body and frequently comparing the shape and the size of barbing your body to other people's body. Other signs may also include, envy over friends' body and bodies of celebrity or any figures in the media. Overall appearance and also body image has become more and more concerned by people. And sadly not all people look as beautiful as snow white. And most of them are not satisfied with how they look. Body image is how you feel your body is aesthetically and how attractive you perceive yourself (Nordqvist, 2012). In other words, they are images or impression that you have conceptualized on yourself. According to Glamour magazines in the Unites States, 40 women are not satisfied with their body image (Dreisbach, 2009).
Essay, on Usage, and, misuse, of
Print, reference this, published: 23rd March, 2015 "Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is the fairest of them all?" I believe this is a familiar phrase to all. It is a famous line from the story of snow white and seven dwarfs. In the story, the queen asks the mirror daily whether she is the most beautiful person in the kingdom by saying out this line. From this story, we can see that people are constantly aware and conscious about their appearance and want to look the best. We are living in world where modern technology like mobile phones, television, and the internet occupy our daily lives. And from these technologies we are able to access to the media anytime and constantly bombarded by the messages of the media. And one of the dominant message business that media is portraying is ultra-thin as a benchmark of beauty. Furthermore, body image affected by the media could also be phrase as having negative body image. It is an unrealistic view of how one sees their body.