In fact, if the researchers use a small, specific sample and make generalizing claims, this would, in fact, be a limitation! Do your own thinking here about the strengths and limitations of the article. . your "critique" can be from a theoretical and/or and applied perspective. Some examples each of these examples has some strengths and limitations. Im providing several here for you to get an idea of the general format and to see what some students have done with the assignment. The spectacular consumption of True african American culture: Whassup with the budweiser guys?
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Primary results : give the major findings from the study. . Clarity is important here. . make sure you understand the findings before trying to explain them. . look first to the results section and essay then to the discussion section (note: these do not always agree!). . Often findings are very dense and you must make choices about what is most important to the reader (since you are translating the article for the rest of the class, who has not read the article, and for your own memory). Use your discretion to choose the ones that seem central to your interests or to the class. Evaluation : evaluate the article in terms of its significance, research methods, readability, and the implications of the results. . do not merely include the authors' limitations, though you may mention these if you want. Most important here, and what makes this abstract specific to com 473, is to focus on the strengths and limitations of the method and write-up. Try to critique from within the paradigm the article is written (for example, if it is critical, do you think it promotes social change or empowerment? If it is a case study, do not criticize it for lack of generalizability!
If they are not clearly stated, distill them the best you can from the article. Make long sure you clearly label if they are research questions or hypotheses. . If there are many, choose only the "key" ones. Methods : give a description of how data was gathered and analyzed. . This section should typically include something about the participants or texts (number, type, manner of selection data collection (be as specific as possible, perhaps with key details,. G., "elements of Strauss and Corbins grounded theory and data analysis (method of unitizing or categorizing, any specific elements of method that are appropriate.). . Because the focus of the article is to evaluate the method of the study, this section might be a bit longer than it would be for abstracts in other courses. Again, stick to key details. Do not abstract theory articles or surveys of literature.
Below that, type the reference information from your article using apa format (5th edition). . your abstract should include the following, with appropriate headings. Background Literature : Provide a context for the research article. . That is, what led the author(s) to write this article? . What key concepts from or weaknesses in past research led to the current hypotheses or research questions. If the author uses a specific theoretical background, key terms central to the study, or pivotal prior studies that serve as impetus for this specific study (e.g., if this study is addressing limitations of one or two specific prior studies the abstract should mention these. Sensitizing Constructs : If the authors provide key definitions or a framework for analysis, this should be covered either separately or in the methods section (a combination of choice of original author and you as a summarizer). For example, if the article is grounded in phenomenology or semiotics, and the author has a section on the philosophical or methodological roots, include this with brief summary. Research question(s) year : Indicate clearly the research statement or primary questions(s) the researcher was attempting to answer.
Objectives: The primary objectives of the abstract are as follows. Through doing abstract, students should be able to: Demonstrate the ability to choose appropriate detail—that is, balancing coverage as necessary and focusing on key points—to summarize key points of a qualitative, empirical journal article (that is, one that is a primary study. Summarize these key points in their own words, yet maintaining precision of original ideas. Develop and demonstrate ability to evaluate the strengths and limitations of the study, especially as these pertain to the collecting and writing up of qualitative data. An additional, immeasurable objective is for students to see what they like and do not like in the doing and writing of qualitative research in order to improve their own final data-driven projects. Format, at the top right hand corner, type your. Student Identification Number (not your name com 473, and the date. . Center the word "abstract" as the title of your paper. .
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This paper acknowledges that small qualitative studies are not generalizable in the traditional sense, yet have redeeming qualities that set them above that requirement." "A major strength of the qualitative approach is the depth to which explorations are conducted and descriptions are written, usually resulting. One of the greatest strengths of the qualitative approach is the richness and depth of explorations and descriptions.", myers (2002 qualitative exam Part 1 (5 compare and contrast two qualitative research where studies in your field and interest. . Include brief summaries of the studies, with relevant details about the research question and the qualitative methods. . Comment on the strengths and weaknesses of these studies. Qualitative exam Part 2 (5 describe a research question and present a qualitative research design which you think would be feasible for a masters thesis or project. . Comment on the strengths, weaknesses, and practical aspects of the design. Qualitative exam Part 3 (5 describe a research question and a mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative methods) which you think would be feasible for a masters thesis or project. .
Make sure that your method is mixed, that is, that the techniques are meaningfully integrated. Com 473, baldwin —, communication —, illinois State University, journal abstract : Assignment Sheet (50points). Updated 9/12/08, overview: Summarize an assigned article from the bibliography or required readings in a two-page single-spaced abstract (see sample abstracts in class). Turn in abstract, along with a copy of the article (which will be returned to you) and an electronic copy via e-mail. Be prepared to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the article informally when we cover relevant concepts in class. . Copies of all abstracts will be made available to class.
Website authors, primary author: Michael Nelson, monmouth College, nicholas quah deserves special recognition for his contributions to many pages on this blog, as does Harrison Polans. In general, i am thankful for past support from Wesleyan University and many of its faculty and students. Those include Erika franklin Fowler, ryan Katz, and the technical support of kevin Wiliarty. Finally, i would like to thank those who shaped my approach to the subjects of research and writing, especially robert Farrar, sean gailmard, mark Slouka, laura Stoker and Steve weber. If you have feedback or questions about this website, contact. Main Types of qualitative data collection analysis "Those who are not familiar with qualitative methodology may be surprised by the sheer volume of data and the detailed level of analysis that results even when research is confined to a small number of subjects" (.
There are three main methods of data collection: Interactive interviewing, people asked to verbally described their experiences of phenomenon. Written descriptions by participants, people asked to write descriptions of their experiences of phenomenon. Descriptive observations of verbal and non-verbal behavior. Analysis begins when the data is first collected and is used to guide decisions related to further data collection. "In communicating-or generating-the data, the researcher must make the process of the study accessible and write descriptively so tacit knowledge may best be communicated through the use of rich, thick descriptions" (. Criticism of qualitative research "Qualitative studies are tools used in understanding and describing the world of human experience. Since we maintain our humanity throughout the research process, it is largely impossible to escape the subjective experience, even for the most seasoned of researchers. As we proceed through the research process, our humanness informs us and often directs us through such subtleties as intuition or 'aha' moments. Speaking about the world of human experience requires an extensive commitment in terms of time and dedication to process; however, this world is often dismissed as 'subjective' and regarded with suspicion.
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Finally, there is a page. Ethics, which covers subjects such as plagiarism, and considerations for interviewing people. Pay attention to the links provided on the websites. Where possible i have attempted to make use of resources that already exist. . Lists of such resources are typically found at the bottom of each page. Regardless of what you database plan to do it is always important to be in touch with your primary advisor and/or course instructor. . They may have advice or instructions online that vary from those presented here. . This website is meant to be used as a general guide, to supplement — not replace — what they provide.
Political Theory are kept distinct because, within political science, the practice of essay doing theoretical work is often different from the process of doing empirical research, although there is plenty of overlap. The core of the website is a series of pages that mirror major stages in writing a major undergraduate thesis. The first of these is a section. Starting a research Project which crucially discusses the processes by which we make observations about the world and formulate the questions that drive our research. This section also discusses many of the things that should be done in the planning stages for a major research project. The largest section on this website. It explores concept formation, the notion of causality, and a range of methods for collecting and analyzing data. Writing section should be of use to all students, regardless of the nature of their approach to political science.
decide which explanation is better? What tools do we need? . Is this a question that can be answered using the toolkits that political theorists have? Are the methods of statistical inference useful here? Perhaps our answer hinges on public opinion within warring countries. How do we gather and measure such data? How to use this website, this website is intended to aid students in the process of creating great questions about politics, in formulating plans to address those questions, and in carrying out the activities necessary to fulfill those plans. .
What is the outcome that we are trying to explain here? War is the obvious answer, but what is war? Are we only interested in war between countries? How many people have to die in order for us to consider an event war? (A common answer is 1000.) Is our project intended to address all forms of international violence? Once we have nailed reviews down the question, it might seem relatively straightforward to get to the answer. War happens because humans are naturally aggressive, or so said Freud in a letter to einstein. .
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This is the new home for Users guide to political Science. The old version:. Wesleyan.edu this new version should be completed by the end of Summer 2017. Introduction, research and writing are central to our activities as political scientists. . This website is intended to aid students engaged in a variety of related activities: writing a senior honors thesis, taking courses in research methods, and writing a paper for a government or social science course. Academic papers are not simply the result of selecting a research question and putting an answer into words. A lot of work goes into the conceptualization of the question and into considering the appropriate means for answering that question. Consider this classic question about international politics: Why is there war? This is obviously london a broad question, but to begin with, we need to know what exactly the question is asking. .