Bulgarian athlete ivet Lalova is known for her "tribal sun" tattoo around her navel. Croatian athlete Blanka vlašić is famous for her navel piercing. 106 107 Cheerleading edit The fashion later became increasingly popular through sporting styles tops comprising modified sports bras without additional outer garments, sports bikinis, and cheerleading style fashions developing largely from the styles originating with the dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders in the early 1970s. 108 Tennis edit female tennis players are known for exposing their navels or navel piercings on court. American tennis player Serena williams was noted by the media for exposing her navel piercing during her matches. Similarly, retired Russian tennis player Anna kournikova was known for frequent navel exposure during her matches. In 2009, for an interview to the german magazine der Spiegel when asked about her belly button showing during serves, she commented, "These are men's ravings.
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93 Miley cyrus also wore a bandeau top with cropped high waisted pants at the 2013 mtv video music Awards 94 and jourdan Dunn wore a bandeau top with a long skirt. 95 Sportswear edit Swimwear edit see also: History of assignment the bikini displays of the female navel commenced with the introduction of the bikini in 1946, designed by louis réard, 96 though two-piece swimsuits that exposed the midriff but covered the navel appeared in the 1930s. Réard could not find a model who would dare wear his brief design, so he hired Micheline bernardini, a 19-year old nude dancer from the casino de paris, as his model. 97 98 The uptake of the new-style swimsuit was very slow, and even then the bikini was not regarded as suitable clothing beyond the beach or pool. During the 1960s, mary quant 's designs featured exposed navels and bare midriffs. 99 Exposure of the male navel was limited well into the 1960s. The swimwear covered the lower abdomen and usually the navel. Occasionally the swimwear would be worn immediately below the navel. The swimwear evolved to longer legs and lower waist line. Male swimwear could not be worn above the navel nor below the knee in events of the national Collegiate Athletic Association (ncaa). 100 Sports bikinis edit bikinis have become a major component of marketing various women's sports, 101 and most female athletes often wear a sports bikini that exposes the navel as the professional attire.
The same goes for males. An adult male who wears hip-huggers so low rates zero minus 10 on the scale of taste—it's my opinion but it's one i feel strongly about." 85 Fashion historian James laver told that he hasn't quite caught up with the idea of exposing the navel. 86 87 The navel fashion returned in the 1980s, when a new York city ban on exposing the navel in public was lifted. 1 The importance of the navel is such that for czech model Karolína kurková, who does not have a navel, the magazine and catalogue art directors routinely airbrush one in for her during post-production. They keep a collection of belly button shots in different positions, and Photoshop them on to her whenever she's doing a bikini picture. 88 Kelly ripa has also appeared in magazine covers of Shape with morphed navels., the crop top evolved by which women started wearing it with a high-rise skirts, jeans, or paper shorts that are high enough to cover the belly button. The bandeau top also made an appearance in formal wear, usually associated with a high-rise skirt or pants that cover the navel. Actress Halle berry wore a bandeau with matching pants to the mtv video music Award, fueling the trend of wearing a bandeau top as an out-of-home dress.
The trend of piercing thesis or tattooing the navel became popular in the 1990s. 79 It is popular among middle-aged women. 80 81 Actress Drew Barrymore has a butterfly tattoo beneath her navel. 82 83 The growing popularity of belly dancing, where navel exposure is typical, has also added to the navel exposure trend. 84 Contrarily, advice columnist Ann Landers commented, "navels are neither sexy nor obscene. I do not believe any female of good taste would wear an outfit where her navel shows. This does not include women in costumes or those on beaches in bikinis.
I hate to break it to you, oh future daughters-in-law, but everybody's got a belly button. Your inney- or outey-ness is not the stuff either of revelation or revolution." 72 Fashion edit Exposed midriff is associated with the crop top, often in association with low-rise clothing. Another way that the navel may be exposed is via a deep plunging neckline dress or top that drops below the natural waist line. A woman wearing a cropped top and low-rise pants that expose the midriff and navel Low-rise clothing started in the early 1990s, when the British magazine The face featured Kate moss in low-rise jeans on its March 1993 issue cover. 73 Models such as Gisele bündchen frequently flash their midriffs. 74 In 1994, Art cooper, editor-in-chief of gq magazine said that his big seller in 1994 was the february issue with geena davis on the cover, on which she wore an Armani suit opened at the hips to reveal her navel, 75 It sold about. He stated, "Part of the success is the navel factor. I think the belly button is really an erogenous zone." 76 navel piercing 77 and navel tattoos 78 has become more common among young women.
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55 1990s and 2000s edit during the early 1990s, canadian country singer Shania twain appeared in low jeans baring her midriff and navel in her music videos and performances. It became both the most widely discussed body part in country music and her trademark. 59 page needed 60 Shania once commented, "Someone said to me once, 'well, if I had your belly-button I'd sell 8 million albums too.' but it takes a lot more than a belly-button to sell more than 8 million albums." 61 Jennifer Lopez is believed. 62 It has been said Christina bear Aguilera has the most recognizable belly button in history. 63 people magazine stated, "The 19-year-old hotshot chanteuse behind ' what a girl Wants once a mouseketeer alongside Britney spears, can't quite pull off pop star flash without belly-flopping." 64 In 2001, the editors of Britannica commissioned an article on Britney spears that deconstructs her. The article describes Miss Spears's navel as "a heated boundary between baby and babe". 65 She had been a major inspiration for the navel piercing trend.
66 Spin magazine chose madonna's navel as its "most incredible" rock star body part for a september 2005 feature. Gregorio luke, former director of the museum of Latin American Art who conducted lectures about belly buttons, said, "The belly button has been a sign of beauty in goddesses as different as Astarte, venus or Aphrodite. We ask which is more beautiful, the perfectly round belly button of Jane fonda or Raquel Welch 's grain of coffee navel? Every star from Madonna to Shakira proudly displays their belly button." 70 71 On the contrary, american columnist Kathleen Parker in an article about Katharine hepburn once commented, "Young movie-going girls today don't have access to many in the mold of Katharine hepburn. Instead by mall observations most are Britney wannabes—hip-hugged, tattooed, pierced and out there. The female navel has become the refrigerator man's continental divide.
37 It is believed that it was due to Bjo Trimble that it went unnoticed. 38 Another episode of Star Trek, called " a private little war " (1968 also managed to get past the censors when Nancy kovack 's belly button was clearly visible in some shots and not covered by jewelry as seen when the fringe from her. In 1969, mariette hartley was not allowed to show her belly button in " All Our Yesterdays " (1969 the penultimate episode of Gene roddenberry 's Star Trek. Gene had Mariette expose not one but two belly buttons in the sci-fi film Genesis ii (1973). In The sonny cher Comedy hour (197174 45 network censors feared Cher 's navel exposure would become a cause célèbre at cbs.
46 Cher once commented, "There were so many things that were censored—ideas and words. All i know is I got in trouble for showing my belly button, and every time i turned around after I went off the air, all you saw were Cheryl Ladd's boobs." 47 people magazine dubbed Cher "Pioneer of the belly beautiful". 48 The American code of practice was suspended in 1983. Entertainment edit 1980s edit navel exposure became common in the culture of 20th-century music, starting in the 1980s, with many famous female pop stars 52 having appeared on and offstage and in music videos with their midriff exposed, usually wearing a crop top, including Madonna. People magazine wrote that Madonna made the bare navel her trademark. 48 Actress Cher sported an Indian princess outfit with feathers and beads around her navel for the Academy Awards ceremony in 1986. California designer Christine Albers commented, "the look is good for anyone who has a great body but especially for women who do a lot of stomach exercises." 53 paula Abdul 's bellybutton was exposed in a fishnet see-through dress in the 1989 music video for.
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The image that appeared in most publications had the belly plan button removed. 29 30 The first exposure of a navel in a tv series occurred in 1961 on the. 31 32 Dawn Wells and Tina louise were not allowed to expose their navels in Gilligan's Island (196467). 33 Wells was required to wear high-waisted shorts that covered her navel. 34 35 Wells stated in an interview, "Oh my goodness, i designed statement the shorts. Because it was the first short shorts ever on television and it had to cover my navel. Gilligan's Island actually gave censors headaches back in the '60s. Ginger 's cleavage, and Mary Ann 's navel were only allowed 3 seconds an episode." 36 The censors missed Nichelle nichols showing her navel in the second-season Star Trek episode " Mirror, mirror " (1967).
In the warming 1989 animated film The little mermaid, the animated lead protagonist, Ariel, flashed her navel while wearing only fins and seashells, a first in Disney's history. 20 Television edit In 1951, the United States Code of Practices for Television Broadcasters came into force, which, besides other things, prohibited female navel exposure on us television. 21 During the 1960s, barbara Eden was not allowed to show her navel on the us tv show i dream of jeannie (196570). 22 23 Her pants had to be worn above the navel, which became ineffective. After a few frames of her navel exposure went unnoticed, they decided to use fabric and skin-colored make-up to cover her navel. 24 Her costume became low rise (with no censorship) in 1985, barbara Eden attended the life ball event in vienna dressed in the same costume of i dream of jeannie but flaunting her navel. In February 1964, Scandinavian Airlines placed an advertisement in newspapers and magazines throughout America. It featured a bikini-clad blonde model exposing her bellybutton posing on a rock above the caption "What to show your wife in Scandinavia".
James Bond film,. No, wore her iconic white bikini, which exposed her midriff and navel. However, when Annette funicello was cast in her first beach movie beach Party (1963 walt Disney, who held her contract, insisted that she only wear modest bathing suits and keep her navel covered, to preserve her wholesome persona, though she was the only one. film Follow That Camel, actress Anita harris wore a jewel on her navel for a belly dance sequence. 18 19 The hays Code was abandoned soon after, and with it the prohibition of female navel exposure, as well as other restrictions. The influence of the national Legion of Decency had also waned by the 1960s. With the withdrawal of the code and the change to a classification regime, the ban on the exposure of parts of the human body that had previously been regarded as immodest or indecent was withdrawn; and with it there was an increasing level of body. The exposure of the navel ceased to be controversial in the context of a general increase in nudity. During the late 1980s, disney 's heroines began exposing more skin as well.
3 4 5 not in citation given 6, the national Legion of Decency, a roman Catholic body guarding over American media content, also pressured Hollywood to keep clothing that exposed certain parts of the female body, such as bikinis and low-cut dresses, from being featured. 7 During the 1950s, joan Collins was prohibited by the censors from exposing her navel in Land of the Pharaohs (1955). To get around the censors' guidelines, she wore a jewel, a ruby, in her navel. 8 9 This technique of baring the midriff but gluing a jewel on the navel was used in many other Hollywood films featuring belly dance sequences. 10 11 Kim novak wore a ruby in her navel for the film jeanne eagels (1957 saying in an interview, "they had to glue it in every time. I got a terrible infection word from." 12 Marilyn Monroe, for a scene from Some like it Hot (1959 wore a dress that revealed skin everywhere but had a tiny piece of fabric to hide her navel. 13 (The film was condemned by the national Legion of Decency, but for other reasons. 14 15 ) meanwhile, in Europe, not being bound by the hays Code, manina, the girl in the bikini (1952) featured Brigitte bardot in scanty bikinis. (The film was not released in the usa until 1958.) by the 1960s, community standards had changed.
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The navel has been historically subject to many customs, fashions and taboos. Various cultures view the sexual and cultural significance of the navel differently, and these views have changed over time, which has shaped social mores relating to the navel in design of clothing and social traditions and practices. Contents, western culture edit, the public exposure of the male and female midriff and bare navel has been taboo at times in, western cultures, being considered immodest or indecent. It was banned in some jurisdictions, 1 with some arguing that it simulated an " erogenic orifice ". Eventually, only female navel exposure was banned and not male because, it was argued, the simulation or upward displacement from vagina to navel was commonplace and obvious in women. 2, community perceptions have changed and exposure of female midriff and navel is more accepted today and in some societies or contexts it is both fashionable and common, though not without its critics. The exposure of the male navel has not been as controversial nor as common, and is usually in the context of barechestedness. Exposure of the navel by females is commonly associated with the popularization of the bikini, of the crop top and low-rise clothing. In the United States, the, motion Picture Production Code, or hays Code, enforced after 1934, banned the exposure of female navel in Hollywood films.