Exposition The first act of a dramatic structure, in which the main conflict and characters are "exposed" or revealed. Also, any information about the characters, conflict or world of the play. Extension A technical note placed directly to the right of the Character name that denotes how the character's voice is heard. Is an extension that stands for Off-Screen. Abbreviation for "foreground" (i.e. Feature film A movie made primarily for distribution in theaters. Film Festival A festival of short and/or feature-length films shown over the course of between a few days to a few weeks.
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Downstage The part of the stage closest to the audience, so named because when stages were raked (slanted an actor walking toward the audience was literally walking down. Called "Down" for short. Draft a version of a play. Each draft of rewrites/revisions should be grows numbered differently. Dramatists guild of America The professional organization of playwrights, composers and lyricists, based in New York. Dual dialog When two characters speak simultaneously Emphasized dialogue dialogue that the playwright wants stressed, usually identified with italics. Establishing Shot A cinematic shot that establishes a certain location or area. Evening-Length Play a play that constitutes a full evening of theater on its own (a.k.a. Event What precipitates a play. For example, big Daddy's birthday is the event in Cat on a hot Tin roof.
Theaters that use this method typically do not want the playwright to initiate the contact. Direction, Stage direction (see stage directions in revised above.) Director In write a stageplay, the individual responsible for staging (i.e. Placing in the space or "blocking the actors, sculpting and coordinating their performances, and making sure they fit with the design elements into a coherent vision of the play. In a musical, there will typically be a separate musical director responsible for the musical elements of the show. In a dramatists guild contract, the playwright has approval over the choice of director (and the cast and designers). In film, the director carries out the duties of a stage director and then some (e.g. Choosing the shot list with considerably more say-so over the final product.
By both publishers and the hollywood film industry. Coverage The notes prepared by script readers at literary agency, film production company, theater company or script competition. Coverage is typically divided into three sections: plot synopsis, evaluation / discussion of the quality of the writing, and a recommendation that either passes on the script or kicks it on to the next level. Typically, coverage is for internal use and almost never shared with the writer. Designer Theater professional whose job it is to envision any of the following elements in a play: costumes, sets, lights, sound or properties. Development The process of preparing a script for production. Development Hell The dreaded creative death malaise that occurs when the development process lasts too long. Dialogue the speeches between characters in a film or a play. Direct Solicitation When a theater contacts a playwright or his agent about submitting a script.
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In screenplays, the name is tabbed to a location that is roughly in the center of the line. In playwriting, typically the name is centered, but with the advent of screenwriting software that automatically positions the character name correctly, it has become acceptable to use a similar format for character names in stageplays. Cheat a script Fudging the margins and spacing of a screenplay on a page (usually with a software program) in an attempt to fool the reader into thinking the script is shorter than it really. Close Up a very close camera angle on a character or object. Commission A play for which a theater company gives a playwright money to write, typically with the understanding that the theater will have the right of first refusal to premiere. Complication The second act of a three-act dramatic structure, in which "the plot thickens peaking personal at its end. Conflict The heart of drama; someone wants something and people and things keep getting in the way of them achieving the goal.
At times, the obstacles can be common to both the hero and villain, and the ultimate goal a laudable one for both parties. Continuing dialogue dialogue spoken by the same character that continues uninterrupted onto the next page, marked with a (cont'd) in a stage play. Continuous Action Included in the scene heading when moving from one scene to the next, as the action continues. Copyright Proof of ownership of an artistic property that comes with registering your script through the United States Register of Copyrights. Copyright Notice Placing your Name on the title page of a script. Courier 12 pitch The main font in use in the.
Bump A troublesome element in a script that negatively deflects the reader's attention away from the story. Button a tv writing term referring to a witty line that "tops off" a scene. Cable a cable television network such as hbo, or cable television in general. Cast The characters who are physically present in the play or film. These are the roles for which actors will be needed.
When we talk about a role in a stageplay as being double-cast with another, it means that the same actor is expected to play both roles. This happens in film as well (e.g. Eddie murphy but only rarely. Cast Page a page that typically follows the title page of a play, listing the characters, with very brief descriptions of each. Center (Stage) The center of the performance space, used for placement of the actors and the set. Cgi computer Generated Image; a term denoting that computers will be used to generate the full imagery. Character Any personified entity appearing in a film or a play. Character arc The emotional progress of the characters during the story. Character name When any character speaks, his or her name appears on the line preceding the dialogue.
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Beat A parenthetically noted pause interrupting dialogue, denoted by (beat for the purpose of indicating a significant shift in the direction of a scene, much in the way that a hinge connects a series of doors. Beat Sheet An abbreviated description of the main events in a screenplay or story. Bill The play or plays that together constitute what the audience is seeing at any one sitting. Short for "playbill." Binding What literally holds the script together. As a writer submitting your manuscript, you might use either brads with cardstock covers or one of a number of other pre-made folders (all available from The Writers Store). Black box A flexible theater space named for its appearance. Blackout A common stage direction at the end of a scene or an act. Book the story and the non-musical portion (dialogue, stage directions) of a theatrical musical. Brads Brass fasteners used to bind a screenplay printed on three-hole paper, with Acco 5 solid brass brads generally accepted write as having the highest quality.
Audio/Visual Script A dual column screenplay with video description on the left and audio and dialogue on the right, used in advertising, corporate videos, documentaries and training films. Abbreviation for "background" (i.e. G., kids are fighting). Back door Pilot A two-hour tv movie that is a summary setup for a tv series if ratings warrant further production. Back End payment on a movie project when profits are realized. Back Story Experiences of a main character taking place prior to the main action, which contribute to character motivations and reactions. Bankable a person who can get a project financed solely by having their name is attached.
in which a theater requires that a script be submitted by a recognized literary agent. Alan Smithee, a fictional name taken by a writer or director who doesn't want their real name credited on a film. A particular camera placement. Approved writer, a writer whom a television network trusts to deliver a good script once hired. Arbitration, binding adjudication by members of a writers guild of America committee regarding proper onscreen writer credit of a movie; arbitration is available only to wga members or potential wga members. Artistic Director, a theater company's chief artistic officer and usually the last stop before a play is selected for production. Associate Artistic Director An artistic officer of a theater company, frequently a director and often second to the Artistic Director, integrally involved with its artistic decisions. At Rise description A stage direction at the beginning of an act or a scene that describes what is on stage literally "at rise" of the curtain, or more commonly in contemporary theater, as the lights come. Attached Agreement by name actors and/or a director to be a part of the making of a movie.
Act numbers are written in Roman numerals, scene numbers in ordinals. Acting essays Edition, a published play script, typically for use in productions in the amateur market or as reading copies. Often has a list of prop list or set design sketches. The moving pictures we see on screen. Also, the direction given by a director indicating that filming begins. Dialogue in which the characters or actors make up what they say in real time on the movie set or on stage. From the latin ad libitum, "in accordance with desire. against, a term describing the ultimate potential payday for a writer in a film deal.
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Playwriting 101: Glossary, playwriting 101, a page, a revised page that extends beyond the original page, going onto a second page. Page 1, 1A, 2, 3, 3A). Abbreviations shortcuts used in scripts such. Above-the-line, in film, those costs that occur before filming, this includes salaries of the talend and creative team (director, producer, screenwriter plus any rights required for adapted scripts. Sometimes, above-the-line can also refer to the people included in the above-the-line payment category. Act, a large division of a full-length play, separated from shredder the other act or acts by an intermission. Act/Scene heading, centered, all caps heading at the start of an act or scene.