They probably mean well. But they may not realize that such laws will do more harm than good. Why are programmers so violently opposed to these laws? If I were a legislator, i'd be interested in this mystery—for the same reason that, if I were a farmer and suddenly heard a lot of squawking coming from my hen house one night, i'd want to go out and investigate. Hackers are not stupid, and unanimity is very rare in this world. So if they're all squawking, perhaps there is something amiss. Could it be that such laws, though intended to protect America, will actually harm it? There is something very American about feynman breaking into safes during the manhattan Project.
The, word, fuck, essay
The control systems inside machines used to be physical: gears and levers and cams. Increasingly, the brains (and thus the value) of products is resume in software. And by this I mean software in the general sense:. A song on an lp is physically stamped into the plastic. A song on an ipod's disk is merely stored. Data is by definition easy to copy. And the Internet makes copies fresher easy to distribute. So it is no wonder companies are afraid. But, as so often happens, fear has clouded their judgement. The government has responded with draconian laws to protect intellectual property.
But two guys who thought Multics excessively complex went off and wrote their own. They gave it a name that was a joking reference to multics: Unix. The latest intellectual property laws impose unprecedented restrictions on the sort of poking around that leads to new ideas. In the past, a competitor might use patents to prevent you from selling a copy of something they made, but they couldn't prevent you from taking one apart to see how it worked. The latest laws make this a crime. How are we to develop new technology if we can't study current technology to figure writings out how to improve it? Ironically, hackers have brought this on themselves. Computers are responsible for the problem.
They see increasingly aggressive measures to protect "intellectual property" as a threat to the intellectual freedom they need to do their job. And they are right. It is by poking about inside current technology that hackers get ideas for the next writing generation. No thanks, intellectual homeowners may say, we don't need any outside help. The next generation of computer technology has often—perhaps more often than not—been developed by outsiders. In 1977 there was no doubt write some group within ibm developing what they expected to be the next generation of business computer. The next generation of business computer was being developed on entirely different lines by two long-haired guys called Steve in a garage in Los Altos. At about the same time, the powers that be were cooperating to develop the official next generation operating system, multics.
I wish its advantages were better understood. For example, i suspect people in Hollywood are simply mystified by hackers' attitudes toward copyrights. They are a perennial topic of heated discussion on Slashdot. But why should people who program computers be so concerned about copyrights, of all things? Partly because some companies use mechanisms to prevent copying. Show any hacker a lock and his first thought is how to pick. But there is a deeper reason that hackers are alarmed by measures like copyrights and patents.
The Origins of the, word essay '
This had only recently been declared a crime, and the fbi found that their usual investigative technique didn't work. Police investigation apparently begins with a motive. The usual motives are few: drugs, money, sex, revenge. Intellectual curiosity was not one of the motives on the fbi's list. Indeed, the whole concept seemed foreign to them. Those in animal authority tend to be annoyed by hackers' general attitude of disobedience. But that disobedience is a byproduct of the qualities that make them good programmers.
They may laugh at the ceo when he talks in generic corporate newspeech, but they also laugh at someone who tells them a certain problem resume can't be solved. Suppress one, and you suppress the other. This attitude is sometimes affected. Sometimes young programmers notice the eccentricities of eminent hackers and decide to adopt some of their own in order to seem smarter. The fake version is not merely annoying; the prickly attitude of these posers can actually slow the process of innovation. But even factoring in their annoying eccentricities, the disobedient attitude of hackers is a net win.
To add to the confusion, the noun "hack" also has two senses. It can be either a compliment or an insult. It's called a hack when you do something in an ugly way. But when you do something so clever that you somehow beat the system, that's also called a hack. The word is used more often in the former than the latter sense, probably because ugly solutions are more common than brilliant ones.
Believe it or not, the two senses of "hack" are also connected. Ugly and imaginative solutions have something in common: they both break the rules. And there is a gradual continuum between rule breaking that's merely ugly (using duct tape to attach something to your bike) and rule breaking that is brilliantly imaginative (discarding Euclidean space). When he was working on the manhattan Project, richard feynman used to amuse himself by breaking into safes containing secret documents. This tradition continues today. When we were in grad school, a hacker friend of mine who spent too much time around mit had his own lock picking kit. (He now runs a hedge fund, a not unrelated enterprise.). It is sometimes hard to explain to authorities why one would want to do such things. Another friend of mine once got in trouble with the government for breaking into computers.
«the meaning of the, word »
Published by houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. In Lists: Top 2000 English words, literature, academic writing writing, more. Synonyms: composition, article, piece, theme, exposition, more. Collocations: dated, uk: essayed a leap, sprint, smile, an interesting, engrossing essay (on essay writing, questions, more). April 2004, to the popular press, "hacker" means someone who breaks into computers. Among programmers it means a good programmer. But the two meanings are connected. To programmers, "hacker" connotes mastery in the most literal sense: someone who can make a computer do what he wants—whether the computer wants to or not.
Word Origin and History for essay. 1590s, "short non-fiction literary composition" (first attested in writings of Francis Bacon, probably in imitation of Montaigne from Middle French essai "trial, attempt, essay from Late latin exagium "a weighing, weight from Latin exigere "test from ex- "out" (see ex- ) agere (see act ). "to put to proof, test the mettle of late 15c., from Middle French essaier, from essai (see essay (n.). This sense has mostly gone with the divergent spelling assay. Meaning "to attempt" is from 1640s. Show More Online Etymology dictionary, 2010 douglas Harper essay in Culture a short piece of writing on one subject, want usually presenting the author's own views. Michel de montaigne, francis Bacon (see also bacon and Ralph Waldo Emerson are celebrated for their essays. Show More The new Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, third Edition Copyright 2005 by houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
it has not said as for what it has said. And if they essay to do so, why should not my word be at least as weighty as theirs? On his return, he wrote an essay on the subject, which was published in 1754. British Dictionary definitions for essay noun (ɛseɪ, for senses 2, 3 also ɛseɪ) a short literary composition dealing with a subject analytically or speculatively an attempt or endeavour; effort a test or trial, show More verb (ɛseɪ) (tr) to attempt or endeavour; try to test. Show More, word Origin, c15: from Old French essaier to attempt, from essai an attempt, from Late latin exagium a weighing, from Latin agere to do, compel, influenced by exigere to investigate. Collins English Dictionary - complete unabridged 2012 Digital Edition. William Collins Sons. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012.
To put to the test; make trial. Show More, origin of essay 147585; assay exact) -ium -ium, related formsessayer, nounpreessay, verb (used without object)unessayed, adjectivewell-essayed, adjective. Can be confused assay essay m Unabridged, based on the random house Unabridged Dictionary, random house, inc. Examples from the web for essay. Contemporary Examples, the current attack on the jews, he wrote in a 1937 essay, targets not gender just this people of 15 million but mankind as such. Someone recently sent me an old joan Didion essay on self-respect that appeared in Vogue. In Barry, an essay in Not That Kind of Girl, dunham describes being sexually assaulted. Nolte could not locate a barry that fit the details listed in Dunham's essay. Her own muddled feelings of confusion, shame, and fear are what make the essay great and what make the essay her story.
Essay - 11666 Words
Noun es-ey for 1, 2; es-ey, e-sey for 35; verb e-sey. See more synonyms on m noun a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative. Anything resembling such a composition: a picture essay. An effort to perform or accomplish something; attempt. A design for a proposed stamp differing in any way from book the design of the stamp as issued. A tentative effort; trial; assay. Show More verb (used with object) to try; attempt.