Urdu is also spoken by large numbers of immigrants and their children in the major urban centres of the United Kingdom, the United States, canada, germany, norway, and Australia. Along with Arabic, urdu is among the immigrant languages with the most speakers in Catalonia. 46 Cultural identity and Islam edit colonial India edit religious and social atmospheres in early nineteenth century India played a significant role in the development of the Urdu register. In addition to Islam, India was characterized by a number of other religions that represented different spiritual outlooks. Hindi became the distinct register spoken by those who sought to construct a hindu identity in the face of colonial rule. 16 As Hindi separated from Hindustani to create a distinct spiritual identity, urdu was employed to create a definitive islamic identity for the muslim population in India. 47 As Urdu and Hindi became means of religious and social construction for Muslims and Hindus respectively, each register developed its own script.
Quaid-e-azam is my national hero or my favourite personality
There are essay millions of pakistanis whose native language is not Urdu, but because they have studied in Urdu medium schools, they can read and write Urdu along with their native language. Most of the nearly five million Afghan refugees of different ethnic origins (such as Pashtun, tajik, uzbek, hazarvi, and Turkmen ) who stayed in pakistan for over twenty-five years have also become fluent in Urdu. With such a large number of people(s) speaking Urdu, the language has proponents acquired a peculiar pakistani flavour further distinguishing it from the Urdu spoken by native speakers and diversifying the language even further. Many newspapers are published in Urdu in pakistan, including the daily jang, nawa-i-waqt, millat, among many others (see list of newspapers in pakistan#Urdu language newspapers ). In India, urdu is spoken in places where there are large muslim minorities or cities that were bases for Muslim Empires in the past. These include parts of Uttar Pradesh, madhya pradesh, bihar, telangana, andhra Pradesh, maharashtra ( Marathwada karnataka and cities such as Lucknow, delhi, bareilly, meerut, saharanpur, muzaffarnagar, roorkee, deoband, moradabad, azamgarh, bijnor, najibabad, rampur, aligarh, allahabad, gorakhpur, agra, kanpur, badaun, bhopal, hyderabad, aurangabad, bangalore, kolkata, mysore. 45 Some Indian schools teach Urdu as a first language and have their own syllabi and exams. Indian madrasahs also teach Arabic as well as Urdu. India has more than 3,000 Urdu publications, including 405 daily Urdu newspapers. Newspapers such as Neshat News Urdu, sahara Urdu, daily salar, hindustan Express, daily pasban, siasat daily, the munsif daily and Inqilab are published and distributed in Bangalore, malegaon, mysore, hyderabad, and Mumbai (see list of newspapers in India ). Outside south Asia, it is spoken by large numbers of migrant south Asian workers in the major urban centres of the persian Gulf countries.
Urdu is therefore spoken and understood by the vast majority in some form or another, including a majority of urban dwellers in such cities as Karachi, lahore, okara district, sialkot, rawalpindi, islamabad, multan, faisalabad, hyderabad, peshawar, quetta, jhang, sargodha and skardu. It is written, spoken and used biography in all provinces/territories of pakistan although the people from differing provinces may have different indigenous languages, as from the fact that it is the "base language" of the country. For this reason, it is also taught as a compulsory subject up to higher secondary school in both English and Urdu medium school systems. This has produced millions of Urdu speakers from people whose native language is one of the other languages of pakistan, who can read and write only Urdu. It is absorbing many words from the regional languages of pakistan. This variation of Urdu is sometimes referred to as pakistani Urdu. Citation needed Although most of the population is conversant in Urdu, it is the first language of only an estimated 7 of the population who are mainly muslim immigrants (known as Muhajir in pakistan) from different parts of south Asia. The regional languages are also being influenced by Urdu vocabulary.
Urdu in pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from regional languages, thus allowing speakers of the language in pakistan to distinguish themselves more easily and giving the language a decidedly pakistani flavour. Similarly, the Urdu spoken in India can also be distinguished into many dialects like dakhni ( Deccan ) of south India, and Khariboli of the punjab region. Because of Urdu's similarity to hindi, speakers of the two languages can easily understand one another if both sides refrain from using specialized vocabulary. The syntax (grammar morphology, and the core vocabulary are essentially identical. Thus linguists usually count them as one single language and contend that they are considered as two different languages for socio-political reasons. 44 In pakistan, Urdu is mostly learned as a second or a third language as nearly 93 of pakistan's population has a native language other than Urdu. Despite this, Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native pakistani language preference over the other.
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The persian language was introduced into the subcontinent a few centuries later by various Persianized Central Asian Turkic and Afghan dynasties including that of review Mahmud of Ghazni. 33 34 The turko-afghan Delhi sultanate established Persian as its official language, a policy continued by the mughal Empire, which extended over most of northern south Asia from the 16th to 18th centuries and cemented Persian influence on the developing Hindustani. Citation needed The name Urdu was first used by the poet Ghulam Hamadani mushafi around 1780. 35 (p18) From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century Urdu was commonly known as Hindi.(p1) The language was also known by various other names such as Hindavi and Dehlavi.(pp2122) Hindustani in Persian script was used by muslims and Hindus, but was. 37 The communal nature of the language lasted until it replaced Persian as the official language in 1837 and was made co-official, along with English. Hindustani was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian. 38 This triggered a hindu backlash in northwestern India, which argued that the language should be written in the native devanagari script.
This literary standard called "Hindi" replaced Urdu as the official language of Bihar in 1881, establishing a sectarian divide of "Urdu" for Muslims and "Hindi" for Hindus, a divide that was formalized with the division of India and pakistan after independence (though there are hindu. There have been attempts to "purify" Urdu and Hindi, by purging Urdu of Sanskrit words, and Hindi of Persian loanwords, and new vocabulary draws primarily from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi. English has exerted a heavy influence on both as a co-official language. 39 Speakers and geographic distribution edit see also: Languages of pakistan and Languages of India the phrase zabān-i urdū-yi muallā the language of the exalted camp written in Nastalīq script There are over 100 million native speakers of Urdu in India (more than. 42 However, a knowledge of Urdu allows one to speak with far more people than that, because hindustani, of which Urdu is one variety, is the third most commonly spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English. 43 Because of the difficulty in distinguishing between Urdu and Hindi speakers in India and pakistan, as well as estimating the number of people for whom Urdu is a second language, the estimated number of speakers is uncertain and controversial. Citation needed Owing to interaction with other languages, Urdu has become localized wherever it is spoken, including in pakistan.
It is a registered regional language of Nepal. Apart from specialized vocabulary, urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi, another recognized register of Hindustani. The Urdu variant of Hindustani received recognition and patronage under British rule when the British replaced the local official language persian with English and Hindustani written in Nastalīq script, as the official language in North and Northwestern India. Religious, social, and political factors pushed for a distinction between Urdu and Hindi in India, leading to the hindiUrdu controversy. 16 Contents main article: History of Hindustani Urdu, like hindi, is a form of Hindustani.
17 It evolved from the medieval (6th to 13th century) Apabhraṃśa register of the preceding Shauraseni language, a middle Indo-Aryan language that is also the ancestor of other modern Indo-Aryan languages, including the punjabi dialects. Around 75 of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit, and approximately 99 of Urdu verbs have their roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit. 21 Because persian-speaking sultans ruled the Indian subcontinent for a number of years, 22 Urdu was influenced by persian and to a lesser extent, Arabic, which have contributed to about 25 of Urdu's vocabulary. Although the word Urdu is derived from the turkic word ordu (army) or orda, from which English horde is also derived, 29 Turkic borrowings in Urdu are minimal 30 and Urdu is also not genetically related to the turkic languages. Urdu words originating from Chagatai and Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are persianized versions of the original words. For instance, the Arabic ta' marbuta ( ) changes to he ( ) or te ( ). 31 note 1 nevertheless, contrary to popular belief, Urdu did not borrow from the turkish language, but from Chagatai, a turkic language from Central Asia. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words. 32 Arabic influence in the region began with the late first-millennium Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent.
Essay writing in english quaid e azam university - tourism Port
Collect your favorite"s to access and presentation share at any time. We will never charge you anything and our content is completely user driven! This article is about Modern Standard Urdu. For other uses, see. Urdu ( /ʊərdu/ ; 10, urdu : ala-lc : Urdū ʊrdu ( listen or, modern Standard Urdu ) is a, persianised standard register of the. 11 12, it is the official national language and lingua franca of, pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the, constitution of India, having official status in the six states of, jammu and Kashmir, telangana, uttar Pradesh, bihar, jharkhand and. West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi.
He advised the whole nation to work. He said, "Work, work and work. Showing search english results for, quaid e azam About Ed"s,"tions sayings 2018. Note: These are the closest results we could find to match your search. Sorted by: Total: 23825"s to unlock more"s and new features! Saturday, july 7, become a member! Gain access to thousands of new"s only available to registered users. Browse the site a lot faster with fewer advertisements.
or fame. He devoted all his time and energy to work for the achievement of pakistan. He was always ready to serve others. Although his health was poor, yet he worked hard for this nation. He liked his people and worked for them.
He worked day and night for the muslims. Physically, the quaid-e-azam was a weak and thin person. His health was not good, but on the other hand he was a man of strong will. He had to paper face a large number of problems and hardships but the remained firm to his stand. The English and Hindus could not succeed to win him over. He always showed strong will power at all occasions. He was the man of courage. He was a brave man and fearless leader. To get pakistan he did not care of this broken health.
Quaid e azam, The best leader - uk essays
Quaid with e azam Muhammad Ali jinnah. My great leader is the founder of pakistan Mohammad Ali jinnah. He was born in Karachi on 25th of December 1876. He is the greatest leader of my county. He devoted his life to the creation of pakistan. First of all he worked for Hidu-muslim unity. But later on, he joined the muslim league.